Bits on Chips pp 151-166 | Cite as


  • Harry Veendrick


The production of an IC requires a translation of its specifications into a description of the layers from which it will be built. Usually, the patterns in all layers are represented in a layout. The generation of such a layout is usually done via an interactive graphics display for handcrafted layouts (certain analog circuits and/or some basic digital cells) or by means of synthesis, place-and-route and floor-planning tools, as discussed in Chap.  7. Figure 9.1 shows an example of a complex IC containing several functional blocks, many of which consist of a combination of handcrafted, synthesised and memory blocks.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry Veendrick
    • 1
  1. 1.HeezeThe Netherlands

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