Digital Circuits and IP

  • Harry Veendrick


Most integrated circuits are fabricated in a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology, which features two types of transistors, an nMOS and a pMOS transistor. As the MOS transistor is the basic element of 90% of all integrated circuits, we will repeat some of the material in Part I, because of its importance. Basically, a MOS transistor has three terminals: a gate, a source and a drain (Fig. 5.1). The gate is separated from the channel region by only an extremely thin (tox) insulating gate oxide.


  1. 2.
    Harry J.M. Veendrick, “Nanometer CMOS ICs, from Basics to ASICs”, ISBN 978-3-319-47597-4, Springer 2017Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    “UltraScale Architecture and Product Data Sheet: Overview”,; February 15th, 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry Veendrick
    • 1
  1. 1.HeezeThe Netherlands

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