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Other Field-Assisted Sintering Techniques

  • Eugene A. Olevsky
  • Dina V. Dudina
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, the use of different types of electromagnetic radiation (infrared (IR), visible, and ultraviolet (UV)) for sintering of particulate materials is described. The radiation is directed onto the layers of particulate materials to induce rapid heating and consolidation into porous or dense structures. IR radiation can be produced by specially designed emitters and lasers; it can also be harvested as part of the solar energy. Direct IR irradiation, treatment in solar furnaces, and laser treatment enable higher heating rates in comparison with furnace sintering. The IR radiation-assisted sintering and laser and photonic sintering methods are compatible with the roll-to-roll fabrication, which is a promising modern approach in the production of flexible electronics. The successful applications of photonic sintering for the fabrication of metallic and composite films on flexible substrates are reviewed. It was shown experimentally that the sintering efficiency of metal nanoparticles during photonic sintering depends on their size and size distribution; theoretical studies of the optical absorption as related to nanoparticle sintering are highlighted. For the purposes of powder sintering, UV light is used to initiate reduction of oxides of metals and induce decomposition of compounds to in situ synthesize nanoparticles of the target phase with a high propensity for sintering.

Keywords

IR radiation-assisted sintering Solar sintering Laser-assisted sintering Photonic sintering UV-assisted sintering Nanoparticle Flexible electronics 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugene A. Olevsky
    • 1
  • Dina V. Dudina
    • 2
  1. 1.College of EngineeringSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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