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Ants: Ecology and Impacts in Dead Wood

  • Joshua R. King
  • Robert J. WarrenII
  • Daniel S. Maynard
  • Mark A. Bradford
Chapter
Part of the Zoological Monographs book series (ZM, volume 1)

Abstract

Although rarely considered as a saproxylic insect group, ants are an important, highly abundant insect taxon in dead wood environments worldwide. Ants directly impact the dead wood environment primarily through nesting in standing dead trees, logs, stumps, and coarse and fine woody materials, contributing to the physical breakdown of woody materials. Ants indirectly impact the dead wood environment through predation of a wide variety of arthropods, particularly termites, and by serving as a food source for other animals, particularly birds (woodpeckers) and bears that physically break down dead wood to prey upon ant colonies. The known impacts of ant nesting and predation in dead wood are reviewed with a case study that provides new information on the role of abiotic factors affecting nesting site location in dead wood in the eastern temperate US forests. Results showed horizontal and vertical nest stratification of ant nests that shifted with spatial scale. At broad scales, climate determines disparate ranges among species across a latitudinal gradient. At the scale of a forest floor, however, microsite temperature, moisture, and biotic interactions affect nesting locations in downed logs. Future research aimed at better understanding the interactions between ants and other organisms in dead wood environments is necessary to improve our understanding of the importance of ants in shaping dead wood communities and ecosystem processes like decomposition.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Ella Bradford, Ben Gochnour, Lindsay Gustafson, Sarah Huber, Mary Schultz, and Anna Wade for field and lab assistance. This is the Termite Ecology And Myrmecology (TEAM) working group publication number 3. Research was supported by US National Science Foundation grants to M.A.B. (DEB-1021098), J.R.K. (DEB-1020415) and the Coweeta LTER Program.

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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and its text is not subject to copyright protection in the United States; however, its text may be subject to foreign copyright protection.  2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua R. King
    • 1
  • Robert J. WarrenII
    • 2
  • Daniel S. Maynard
    • 3
  • Mark A. Bradford
    • 4
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologySUNY Buffalo StateBuffaloUSA
  3. 3.Department of Ecology and EvolutionUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  4. 4.Yale School of Forestry and Environmental StudiesYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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