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Root Biology pp 429-449 | Cite as

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Their Responses to Nutrient Enrichment

  • Haishui Yang
  • Michelle Schroeder-Moreno
  • Bhoopander Giri
  • Shuijin Hu
Chapter
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 52)

Abstract

The roots of most land plants form mycorrhizal associations with soil fungi, in which plants trade carbon for increased nutrient acquisition (e.g., N and P) under nutrient deficiency conditions. However, how nutrient enrichment affects mycorrhiza is still not well understood, in particular under future global changing scenarios such as nitrogen deposition. In this chapter, we first review the major pathways of mycorrhizal-mediated nutrient acquisition and molecular mechanisms of sensing nutrient availability for mycorrhizal fungi and roots. Next, we propose two conceptual models that may control plant C allocation to mycorrhizal fungi in response to nutrient enrichment: reciprocal reward model and root-mycorrhiza trade-off model. We also describe a plant-centric model and fungal-centric model to explain responses of the mycorrhizal fungal community to nutrient enrichment as well as examine impacts of nutrient inputs on mycorrhizas functioning.

Keywords

Mycorrhiza Fertilization Community Function Root system Nutrient uptake 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haishui Yang
    • 1
  • Michelle Schroeder-Moreno
    • 2
  • Bhoopander Giri
    • 3
  • Shuijin Hu
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.College of AgricultureNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Crop and Soil SciencesNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Department of Botany, Swami Shraddhanand CollegeUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia
  4. 4.College of Resources and Environmental SciencesNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  5. 5.Department of Entomology and Plant PathologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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