Heat Exposure and Impact on Occupational Settings

  • Richard J. Thomas
  • Alan L. Williams
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Medical Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSMEEASC)


Environmental heat stress in the occupational setting requires aggressive heat illness prevention programs to reduce heat-related injuries (HRIs). In order for a heat prevention program to be successful, worksite managers, safety specialists, labor organizations, health care providers, and employees must work together to modify HRI risk factors. These individuals should strive to address not only the unique risk factors of the workers, such as age, medications, and previous history of HRIs, but also implement global safety precautions such as using environmental indices to adjust work/rest cycles, implementing heat acclimatization program, ensuring adequate supply of clean water for hydration, and implementing a formal safety plan for HRI prevention that is shared with all employees. With an aggressive heat illness prevention program, occupational injuries and deaths can be reduced or prevented.


Heat stress Epidemiology Occupations Injuries Prevention 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard J. Thomas
    • 1
  • Alan L. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and BiostatisticsUniformed Services University of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Occupational Health Clinic, Directorate of Public Health, Walter Reed National Military Medical CenterBethesdaUSA

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