Advertisement

Marginal Mountainous Areas: Starting Over from Smart Communities—The Case Study of Seren del Grappa

  • Federica Maino
  • Andrea Omizzolo
  • Thomas Streifeneder
Conference paper
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

In most mountainous areas, the socioeconomic changes over the past 50 years have favored settlement dynamics and development models without considering the criteria of sustainability. This is, for example, the case for the intensively touristic exploitation of the most popular destinations or the abandonment of marginal areas due to the concentration of the population in urban areas. Mountainous areas are rich in the natural and cultural values, which provide long-term benefits also to cities and towns, but they are particularly vulnerable and sometimes inhospitable. The survival chances of vital communities in marginal mountainous territories depend on a developmental approach that considers how to handle economic growth, environmental conservation, identity and cultural issues, as well as enhancing the endogenous potential in a common way. This contribution presents the results of an exemplary strategic plan for Seren del Grappa, a small village located in the northeastern Italian Alps. The definition of a shared vision and strategic guidelines for the future of the territory, up to the implementation of the first concrete projects, were developed through a participatory process involving the local population, the administrators and the economic operators. Moreover, the article includes a description of the applied methodology, as well as a discussion of essential prerequisites, successes and weaknesses of the process. The authors emphasize the importance of paying particular attention to mountainous areas from which innovative and self-sustainable development processes can start. Furthermore, they highlight the mountainous communities’ peculiarities which make them “smart communities”.

Keywords

Mountain marginal areas Smart communities Sustainable development Unlocking development potential Participatory strategic plan 

References

  1. Andreoli, M., & Tellarini, V. (1998). Marginality and development in Italy: A study review. Perceptions of marginality. In H. Jussila, W. Leimgruber, & R. Majoral (Eds.), Theoretical issues and regional perceptions of marginality in geographical space (pp. 101–121). Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  2. Arstein, S. R. (1969). A ladder of citizen participation. Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 35(4), 216–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bätzing, W., Perlik, M., & Dekleva, M. (1996). Urbanization and depopulation in the Alps. Mountain Research and Development, 16, 335–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Binswanger-Mkhize, H. P., De Regt, J. P., & Spector, S. (2010). Local and community driven development: Moving to scale in theory and practice. New Frontiers of Social Policy. Washington: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cantiani, M.G. (2006). Participatory approach in forest planning. FOREST@, 3(2), 281–299. Accesed at: February 3, 2017, from http://www.sisef.it/forest@/contents/?id=efor0361-0030281.
  6. Cantiani, M. G., Geitner, C., Haida, C., Maino, F., Tattoni, C., Vettorato, D., et al. (2016). Balancing economic development and environmental conservation for a new governance of Alpine areas. Sustainability, 8, 802–820.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cerea, G., & Marcantoni, M. (2016). La montagna perduta. Come la pianura ha condizionato lo sviluppo italiano. Milano: Franco Angeli.Google Scholar
  8. Corrado, F. (2014). Processes of re-settlement in mountain areas. Journal of Alpine Research Revue de géographie alpine, 102, 3.Google Scholar
  9. Corrado, F., Dematteis, G., & Di Gioia, A. (2014). Nuovi montanari: Abitare le Alpi nel XXI secolo. Milano: Franco Angeli.Google Scholar
  10. European Commission (EC). (2014). Guidance on community-led local development for local actors. Accessed at: February 3, 2017, from http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/informat/2014/guidance_clld_local_actors_en.pdf.
  11. European Commission (EC). (2015). Smart Cities and Communities. The European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities. Accessed at: February 3, 2017, from http://ec.europa.eu/eip/smartcities/index_en.htm.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). (2015). Understanding Mountain Soils. A contribution from mountain areas to the International Year of Soils 2015. Rome. Accesed at: February 3, 2017, from http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4704e.pdf.
  13. Holman, P., Devane, T., & Cady, S. (2009). The change handbook: The definitive resource to today’s best methods for engaging whole systems. Oakland: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Hoogeveen, Y., Petersen, J.-E., Balazs, K., Higuero, I., & EEA. (2004). High nature value farmland—Characteristics, trends and policy challenges. EEA Report (Vol. 1), Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  15. Ianni, E., Geneletti, D., & Ciolli, M. (2015). Revitalizing traditional ecological knowledge: A study in an Alpine rural community. Environmental and Management, 56, 144–156.Google Scholar
  16. Ioppolo, G., Cucurachi, S., Salomone, R., Saija, G., & Shi, L. (2016). Sustainable local development and environmental governance: A strategic planning experience. Sustainability, 8, 180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lazzarini, G. (2013). Le risorse di un territorio montano marginale: Usseaux e le sue borgate. Milano: FrancoAngeli.Google Scholar
  18. Manfredi, F. (2015). Smart community: comunità sostenibili e resilienti. Bari: Cacucci.Google Scholar
  19. Mantino, F. (2010). Innovazione nella crisi economica: strategie e fabbisogni di politiche nelle aree montane italiane. Roma, CNEL.Google Scholar
  20. Melchiorre, M., et al. (2014). Guida al territorio di Seren del Grappa tra storia, natura, arte, cultura e gastronomia. Seren del Grappa: DBS.Google Scholar
  21. Nordregio. (2004). Mountain areas in Europe: Analysis of mountain areas in EU member states, acceding and other European countries. Stockholm: Nordic Centre for Spatial Development.Google Scholar
  22. Owen, H. (2008). Open space technology: A user’s guide. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
  23. Permanent Secretariat of the Alpine Convention. (2015). Demographic changes in the Alps. Report on the state of the Alps—Alpine convention, Alpine Signals, 5. Bolzano: Alpine Convention.Google Scholar
  24. Porcellini, S. (2013). Aree Marginali Italia—Laboratorio di opportunità. Trento: Edizioni del Faro.Google Scholar
  25. Price, M. F. (1994). Mountains: Globally important ecosystems. FAO—Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Unasylva, 195. Moving Mountains, Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  26. Price, M. F. (2014). Mountains: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Sclavi, M. (2014). Shadowing and consensus building: A golden bridge. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, 9(1), 66–68.Google Scholar
  28. Smethurst, D. (2000). Mountain geography. Geographical Review, 90(1), 35–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Streifeneder, T., & Ruffini, F. V. (2007). Ausgewählte Aspekte des Agrarstrukturwandels in den Alpen—Ein Vergleich harmonisierter Agrarstrukturindikatoren auf Gemeindeebene im Alpenkonventionsgebiet. Berichte über Landwirtschaft. Zeitschrift für Agrarpolitik und Landwirtschaft, 85(3), 406–440.Google Scholar
  30. Tanese, A., Di Filippo, E., & Rennie, R. (2006). La pianificazione strategica per lo sviluppo dei territori. Roma: Rubbettino.Google Scholar
  31. United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). (2017). A/RES/71/234—United Nations general assembly resolution: Sustainable mountain development (2016). Accessed at: February 3, 2017, from http://undocs.org/A/RES/71/234.
  32. Zanetti, C. (2013). Le diverse vie del ritorno alla terra nel bellunese. In Agriregionieuropa anno 9, n. 33, p. 32. Accesed at: February 3, 2017, from http://agriregionieuropa.univpm.it/it/content/article/31/33/le-diverse-vie-delritorno-alla-terra-nel-bellunese

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Federica Maino
    • 1
  • Andrea Omizzolo
    • 1
  • Thomas Streifeneder
    • 1
  1. 1.Eurac Research, Institute for Regional DevelopmentBolzanoItaly

Personalised recommendations