Public and Private Benefits in Urban Development Agreements

  • Alessandra OppioEmail author
  • Francesca Torrieri
Conference paper
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


The paper is aimed at exploring the advantages of public authorities within the context of negotiating Public Private Partnership (PPP). During recent years, many European cities have developed complex urban interventions through innovative forms of cooperation between the public and private sector. Given the limited public funds to cover investments and the need to increase the quality and efficiency of public services, this kind of PPP enables public and private sectors to define agreements with respect to future urban development interventions. Starting from an analysis of the urban developments under PPP carried out in Lombardy region over the last 15 years, the paper provides an overview of surplus values that result from land-use changes and development with the aim of pointing out the allocation between public and private parties. Despite the difficulty of performing an ex-post evaluation of surplus values, meaning the difference between the asset values before and after transformation, mainly for the limited and incomplete economic data recorded by the agreement, some preliminary insights are drawn, and a first operational framework is suggested to evaluate the sustainability of the urban development interventions from a public perspective.


Urban Development Agreements Value capture Ex-post evaluation Lombardy Region 


  1. Alterman, R. (2012). Land use regulations and property values: The ‘windfalls capture’ idea revisited. In N. Brooks, K. Donanghy, & G. Knapp (Eds.), Oxford handbook on urban economics and planning (pp. 755–786). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bowers, J. (1992). The economics of planning gain: A re-appraisal. Urban Studies, 29(8), 1329–1339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Camagni, R. (2008). Il finanziamento della città pubblica. In M. Baioni (Ed.), La costruzione della città pubblica (pp. 39–56). Firenze: Alinea.Google Scholar
  4. Codecasa, G., & Ponzini, D. (2011). Public-private partnership: A delusion for urban regeneration? Evidence from Italy. European Planning Studies, 19(4), 647–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Curti, F. (2006). Lo scambio leale. Roma: Officina.Google Scholar
  6. Healey, P., Purdue, M., & Ennis, F. (1992). Rationales for planning gain. Policy Studies, 13(2), 18–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Healey, P., Ennis, F., & Purdue, M. (1995). Negotiating development. London: Spon Press.Google Scholar
  8. Micelli, E. (2004). Perequazione urbanistica. Pubblico e privato per la trasformazione della città. Venezia: Marsilio.Google Scholar
  9. Micelli, E. (2011). La gestione dei piani urbanistici. Perequazione, accordi, incentivi. Venezia: Marsilio.Google Scholar
  10. Morano, P., & Manganelli, B. (2014). La stima delle aree fabbricabili a fini imu. Proposte per il superamento delle inadeguatezze nelle procedure messe a punto dai Comuni. Valori e Valutazioni, 12, 119–138.Google Scholar
  11. OECD. (2017). The governance of land use in OECD countries policy analysis and recommendations.Google Scholar
  12. Oppio, A., & Torrieri, F. (2016). Supporting private public partnership for economic and financial feasibility. Social and Behavioural Science, 223, 62–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Salling, K. B., & Leleur, S. (2006). Assessment of transport appraisal by the use of Monte Carlo simulation: The CBA-DK model. In Proceedings of WSC’ 06, Monterey, CA.Google Scholar
  14. Stanghellini, S., & Copiello, S. (2011). Urban models in Italy: Partnership forms, territorial contexts, tools, and results. In R. Dalla Longa (Ed.), Urban models and public-private partnership. Berlin: Springer. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture and Urban StudiesPolitecnico Di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversità Federico II Di NapoliNaplesItaly

Personalised recommendations