The (Block-by-Block) Fight for a More Just American Street

  • David Prytherch
Chapter

Abstract

Prytherch shows how the struggle for more equitable and inclusive streets is unfolding across the US, in arenas including policy, infrastructure engineering, and on-the-ground protest. First, it begins with broad national movements to promote complete streets policies and transform how streets are planned and engineered, as well as innovative efforts to remake streets safer through “Vision Zero” planning. Second, it focuses on efforts to physically transform street spaces, including freeway removal, retrofitting of vehicular corridors for Bus Rapid Transit, creative placemaking, and green alleys. Third, it concludes with more ephemeral but symbolically powerful efforts to take over streets through critical mass rides, “ghost-bike” memorials, and the transformation of parking spots into pop-up parks. These movements are illustrated through case studies from cities across the US. This chapter highlights the pursuit of mobility justice and complete streets through both broad policy reform and intense local street fights.

References

  1. Boston Transportation Department. 2013. Boston Complete Streets: Design Guidelines 2013. Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  2. Chicago Department of Transportation. 2013. Complete Streets Chicago: Design Guidelines. Chicago: Chicago Department of Transportation.Google Scholar
  3. Chicago Transit Authority. 2013, November. Western & Ashland Corridors Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Project: Screen 2 Alternatives Report.Google Scholar
  4. City of Cleveland. 2013. Cleveland Complete and Green Streets Typologies Plan.Google Scholar
  5. City of New York. 2014. Vision Zero Action Plan. New York.Google Scholar
  6. Congress for the New Urbanism. 2017. Freeways Without Futures 2017. www.cnu.org/highways-boulevards/freeways-without-futures/. Accessed 31 October 2017.
  7. Furness, Zack. 2010. One Less Car: Bicycling and Politics of Automobility. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Garofoli, Joe. 2002, September 26. Critical Mass Turns 10: A Decade of Defiance: Cyclists Celebrate 10 Years of Clogging Streets En Mass. San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com. Accessed 12 November 2017.
  9. Henderson, Jason. 2013. Street Fight: The Politics of Mobility in San Francisco. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.Google Scholar
  10. Institute for Transportation and Development Policy. 2016. The Bus Rapid Transit Standard. www.itdp.org. Accessed 1 August 2016.
  11. Kommunikationsdepartementet. 1997. Nollvisionen och det trafiksäkra samhället (Regeringens proposition 1996/97:137). Stockholm: Regeringskansliet.Google Scholar
  12. Los Angeles Bureau of Sanitation (LA Sanitation). 2016. Avalon Green Alley Network Opens. http://www.lastormwater.org/blog/2016/10/avalon-green-alley-network-opens/. Accessed 9 November 2017.
  13. MacKenzie, Annah. 2015. Blog Post: Reimagining Our Streets as Places: From Transit Routes to Community Roots. Project for Public Places www.pps.org. Accessed 6 November 2017.
  14. Milwaukee Redevelopment Authority. 2004. Park East Redevelopment Plan. Prepared by HNTB Corporation and Planning & Design Institute, Inc. Milwaukee, WI.Google Scholar
  15. National Association of City Transportation Officials. 2013. Urban Street Guide. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  16. National Complete Streets Coalition. 2013. Complete Streets Local Policy Workbook. Washington, DC: Smart Growth America. Google Scholar
  17. ———. 2017. The Best Complete Streets Policies of 2016. Smart Growth America, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  18. New York City Department of Transportation. 2010. Green Light for Midtown Evaluation Report. New York.Google Scholar
  19. ———. 2014. Vision Zero Action Plan. New York: New York City Department of Transportation.Google Scholar
  20. New York City Street Memorial Project. 2015. Press Kit. http://ghostbikes.org/files/ghostbikes/ghostbikes-press-kit-2015.pdf. Accessed 13 November 2017.
  21. Norton, Peter. 2008. Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City. Cambridge: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  22. Otterman, Susan. 2017, November 1. Manhattan Terror Attack Exposes Bike Path’s Vulnerable Crossings. New York Times. Google Scholar
  23. Penn Praxis. 2017. 2016 Philly Free Streets: User and Business Response to the 2016 Philly Free Street Event. Prepared for Open Streets PHL and the Knight Foundation.Google Scholar
  24. Rebar. 2011. The Park(ing) Day Manifesto: User-Generated Urbanism and Temporary Tactics for Improving the Public Realm. parkingday.org. Accessed 13 November 2017.
  25. Rhodes, Margaret. 2017, April 19. The Brilliant Simplicity of New York’s New Times Square. Wired.Google Scholar
  26. Rose, Mark, and Raymond Mohl. 2012. Interstate: Highway Politics and Policy Since 1939. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.Google Scholar
  27. San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. 2014. The Embarcadero Enhancement Project Draft White Paper. San Francisco: San Francisco Municipal Transport Agency.Google Scholar
  28. The Trust for Public Land, Los Angeles. 2012. Alleys Amplified: South Los Angeles Green Alley Master Plan. Plan prepared for the Los Angeles Bureau of Sanitation. Los Angeles, CA.Google Scholar
  29. Vision Zero Network. 2017. Case Study Fact Sheet: Equity Strategies for Practitioners. Visionzeronetwork.org. Accessed 30 October 2017.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Prytherch
    • 1
  1. 1.GeographyMiami UniversityOxfordUSA

Personalised recommendations