3D Printed Models in Neurosurgical Training
Neurosurgical training has evolved over time. New technology has developed novel methods to supplement training. 3D printed models are an innovative method used to teach and train in various parts of neurosurgery. This chapter focuses on the variety of neurosurgical sub-specialties and how 3D printed models can be used. Cerebral aneurysms are a common pathology in neurosurgery that can be treated with surgical clipping of endovascular coiling. As endovascular technologies have advanced, resident exposure to clipping has diminished. The use of 3D models has supplemented this education. Tumor surgery in neurosurgery is challenging due to the various approaches and complex anatomy that must be mastered. 2D pictures are helpful, but converting this to three dimensions for surgery is difficult. The use of 3D models can really help with understanding anatomy. This is also helpful for transsphenoidal surgery and minor/bedside procedures. Spinal surgery can also be better understood with the use of 3D models. Various 3D models have been created to better understand the directions to place spinal instrumentation. As 3D printed models get more sophisticated, their use in neurosurgery as a training tool will grow. This chapter describes the various ways 3D printed models have impacted neurosurgical training.
Keywords3D printing Neurosurgery Cerebral aneurysms Transsphenoidal Skull base Endoscopic, Ventriculostomy, Spine
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