Contributions of the Insula to Speech Production

  • Christoph J. Griessenauer
  • Raghav Gupta


The production of spoken language requires the orchestration of up to 100 muscle groups. In the conventional paradigm, Broca’s area in the posterior aspect of the dominant inferior frontal gyrus serves as the coordinating center for this process. Data from clinical and neuroradiological studies, however, challenge that notion and associate the insula with coordination of speech articulation. The present chapter provides a cohesive overview of contributions of the insula to speech production.


Insula Speech Language Coordination 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christoph J. Griessenauer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Raghav Gupta
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryGeisinger Medical CenterDanvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryParacelsus Medical UniversitySalzburgAustria
  3. 3.Research Institute of NeurointerventionParacelsus Medical UniversitySalzburgAustria
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgeryRutgers New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA

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