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Role of the Insula in Human Cognition and Motivation

  • Oreste de Divitiis
  • Teresa Somma
  • D’Urso Giordano
  • Mehmet Turgut
  • Paolo Cappabianca
Chapter

Abstract

The insula is a “hub” where the subjective feelings of humans regulate emotion, cognition, and motivation. Indeed, the sensorial inputs reach the posterior section of the insula and are then redirected to the anterior part where many connections with other cortical regions take place. Therefore, a pleasant stimulus induces an action aimed at the persistence of that feeling, while unpleasant interoceptive information leads to avoidant behaviors.

Keywords

Cognition Emotion Explicit motivation Hub Insula Interoceptive information 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oreste de Divitiis
    • 1
  • Teresa Somma
    • 1
  • D’Urso Giordano
    • 2
  • Mehmet Turgut
    • 3
  • Paolo Cappabianca
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological SciencesUniversità degli Studi di Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Division of Psychiatry, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Anesthesiology and PharmacoutilizationUniversità degliStudi di Napoli Federico IINaplesItaly
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryAdnan Menderes University School of MedicineAydınTurkey

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