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Synthesis: Coral Bleaching: Patterns, Processes, Causes and Consequences

  • M. J. H. van Oppen
  • J. M. Lough
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 233)

Abstract

The chapters in this volume paint a grim picture for the future of coral reefs, which are declining at an alarming rate due to a multitude of human activities. Of these anthropogenic disturbances, increasing thermal stress due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is the primary threat to the maintenance of tropical coral reefs, causing mass coral bleaching and coral mortality. Here, we consider some of the new interventions that are being explored to ensure persistence of corals and coral reefs over this century while actions are taken to curb the magnitude of global warming.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Australian Institute of Marine ScienceTownsville MCAustralia
  2. 2.School of BioSciencesThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  3. 3.ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef StudiesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia

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