Synthesis: Coral Bleaching: Patterns, Processes, Causes and Consequences
The chapters in this volume paint a grim picture for the future of coral reefs, which are declining at an alarming rate due to a multitude of human activities. Of these anthropogenic disturbances, increasing thermal stress due to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is the primary threat to the maintenance of tropical coral reefs, causing mass coral bleaching and coral mortality. Here, we consider some of the new interventions that are being explored to ensure persistence of corals and coral reefs over this century while actions are taken to curb the magnitude of global warming.
- Aitken SN, Whitlock MC (2013) Assisted gene flow to facilitate local adaptation to climate change. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 44:367–388. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-110512-135747 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- van Oppen MJH, Puill-Stephan E, Lundgren P, De’ath G, Bay LK (2014) First generation fitness consequences of interpopulational hybridisation in a Great Barrier Reef coral and its implications for assisted migration management. Coral Reefs 33:607–611. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-014-1145-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Willis BL, van Oppen MJH, Miller DJ, Vollmer SV, Ayre DJ (2006) The role of hybridization in the evolution of reef corals. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 37:489–517. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.37.091305.110136 CrossRefGoogle Scholar