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Small Fish in a Big Pond: Internationalization and Research Collaboration in Bolivia and Paraguay

  • Jorge Enrique Delgado
Chapter
Part of the International and Development Education book series (INTDE)

Abstract

Latin America is not a homogeneous region, but descriptions are commonly based on the analyses of the largest and most studied countries. Smaller countries such as Paraguay and Bolivia have not been studied much. This chapter analyzes how Bolivian and Paraguayan universities have become involved in international partnerships comprising research. It argues that, despite the limited research capacity in these countries, there are interesting initiatives including international collaboration that show promising accomplishments and merit documentation. The chapter discusses demographic, economic, and research and development indicators; science and technology (STI) capacity and outputs; and higher education and STI systems. It reviews international co-authorships and collaboration among scientific journals, presents four cases, and provides recommendations for small countries like Bolivia and Paraguay to develop international collaborations to promote STI.

Keywords

Bolivia Paraguay Scientific journals Universities Science, technology, and innovation International partnerships International collaborations 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is grateful to Daniel Moreno, founder and director of the think tank Ciudadanía , for conceding an interview; Jill Perry, education professor at the University of Pittsburgh for sharing her contacts and books on Paraguay; Gustavo Gregorutti and Nanette Svenson, editors of this book for their feedback and patience.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Enrique Delgado
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Pontificia Universidad JaverianaBogotaColombia

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