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The Constitutional Protection of the Right to Food in Bolivia and Ecuador

  • Anjeza Sina
Chapter
Part of the LITES - Legal Issues in Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies book series (LITES, volume 2)

Abstract

The new constitutions of Latin America have important insights regarding the protection of agro-biodiversity, the right to food and the protection of nature. Specifically, countries like Ecuador and Bolivia, have tried to summarize and institutionalize all these ideas in the form of rules or basic principles, concepts belonging to indigenous cultural tradition, expressing the idea of harmony between self, others and the cosmos, representing the first attempts of a concrete movement. The central focus of this essay is to highlight the importance of the so-called Andean “nuevo constitucionalismo” identified by the Constitutions of Ecuador in 2008 and Bolivia in 2009 that claim the primacy of “Mother Earth”. The right to food is an inclusive right. It is not simply a right to a minimum ration of calories, proteins and other specific nutrients. Andean constitutions are ecologically oriented to guarantee respect for the right to food, i.e. the right to adequate food that refers to quantity, quality and appropriateness, considering cultural aspects, as well as the physiology of the individual.

Keywords

Right to food Nuevo constitucionalismo Food sovereignty Food security 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anjeza Sina
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Legal StudiesUniversity of SalentoLecceItaly

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