Advertisement

Introduction to Advanced Cutting and Joining Processes

  • Rasheedat Modupe Mahamood
  • Esther Titilayo Akinlabi
Chapter
Part of the Mechanical Engineering Series book series (MES)

Abstract

Traditional cutting processes are becoming obsolete in many modern applications because of their limitations or prohibitive to use or as a non-viable option for such modern applications. Conventional cutting processes such as turning and milling have become non-economical cutting processes for most of the advanced engineering materials that are developed to be high performing due to the nature of applications they are intended for. Most of these materials interact with the cutting tool in such a way that the cutting tools are consumed more rapidly during the cutting process that increases the downtime and increases the cost of manufacturing or they can even destroy the material make-up, most especially advanced composite materials. Difficult-to-machine materials are costly to machine using these traditional machining processes. In view of the aforementioned problems, the need for advanced machining processes became imperative. Also, the machines and devices are now designed to become smaller than they used to be. The need to reduce global warming is another driving force for the development of advanced machining processes. The constant strive to make moving and flying machines such as automobile and aerospace smaller and more compact is one of the requirements to reduce global warming. There is need to have a cutting process that is able to machine materials with high accuracy and at micro- and nanoscale levels. Joining these advanced materials as well as joining of materials at micro- and nanoscale levels is inevitable because at one point or the other, materials are joined during fabrication processes. Conventional welding processes could not be used to join these advanced and micro- and nanoscale materials because of large heat-affected zone that is associated with this welding processes. Also, the tools used in most of these conventional welding processes are even larger than the workpiece. Contact-less machining and welding processes are desired to be able to efficiently and effectively machine and join these high-technological materials. The section A of this book deals extensively with the various advanced non-contact, and tool-less machining processes such as laser machining, water jet machining and chemical machining. Non-contact joining processes are dealt with in great detail in section B of this book which include laser welding, ultrasonic welding and explosive welding processes. In this chapter, a brief introduction of these advanced machining and joining processes is presented.

Keywords

Chemical machining Electrochemical machining Electrothermal machining Laser welding Mechanical machining Ultrasonic welding 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the University of Johannesburg research council (URC) fund and University of Ilorin.

References

  1. 1.
    H. El-Hofy, Advanced Machining Processes: Nontraditional and Hybrid Machining Processes (McGraw Hill Professional, New York, 2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Kalpakjian, S.R. Schmid, Manufacturing Engineering and Technology (Pearson, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2014), p. 913Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Khayry, A. B. (2000). Aspect of Surface and Edge Finishing by Magneto Abrasive Particles. Second International Conference on Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Malaysia, pp. 77–83Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S.Z. Chavoshi, X. Luo, Hybrid micro-machining processes: A review. Precis. Eng. 41, 1–23 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Z.L. Ni, F.X. Ye, Ultrasonic spot welding of Al sheets by enhancing the temperature of weld interface. Mater. Lett. 208, 69–72 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Nath, M. Rahman, Effect of machining parameters in ultrasonic vibration cutting. Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 48(9), 965–974 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Singh, J.S. Khamba, Ultrasonic machining of titanium and its alloys: A review. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 173(2), 125–135 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.A. Azmir, A.K. Ahsan, A study of abrasive water jet machining process on glass/epoxy composite laminate. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 209(20), 6168–6173 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M.A. Azmir, A.K. Ahsan, Investigation on glass/epoxy composite surfaces machined by abrasive water jet machining. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 198(1), 122–128 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Hocheng, H.Y. Tsai, K.R. Chang, Water Jet Machining, in Advanced Analysis of Nontraditional Machining, (Springer, New York, 2013), pp. 359–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Kong, Water-Jet Cutting, in CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering, (Springer, Berlin, 2014), pp. 1297–1301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Schöpf, I. Beltrami, M. Boccadoro, D. Kramer, B. Schumacher, ECDM (electro chemical discharge machining), a new method for trueing and dressing of metal bonded diamond grinding tools. CIRP Annals 50(1), 125–128 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.H. Ahn, S.H. Ryu, D.K. Choi, C.N. Chu, Electro-chemical micro drilling using ultra short pulses. Precis. Eng. 28(2), 129–134 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Sato, Z. Yasuda, M. Ishihara, H. Ootorii, T. Nogami, N. Komai, U.S. Patent No. 6,846,227 (U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Washington, DC, 2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    N.K. Jain, V.K. Jain, Optimization of electro-chemical machining process parameters using genetic algorithms. Mach. Sci. Technol. 11(2), 235–258 (2007)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R.V. Rao, P.J. Pawar, R. Shankar, Multi-objective optimization of electrochemical machining process parameters using a particle swarm optimization algorithm. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. B J. Eng. Manuf. 222(8), 949–958 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R.V. Rao, V.D. Kalyankar, Optimization of modern machining processes using advanced optimization techniques: A review. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 73(5–8), 1159–1188 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P. Parandoush, A. Hossain, A review of modeling and simulation of laser beam machining. Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 85, 135–145 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C. Leone, S. Genna, V. Tagliaferri, Fibre laser cutting of CFRP thin sheets by multi-passes scan technique. Opt. Lasers Eng. 53, 43–50 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J.W. Murray, J.C. Walker, A.T. Clare, Nanostructures in austenitic steel after EDM and pulsed electron beam irradiation. Surf. Coat. Technol. 259, 465–472 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Okada, Electron Beam Machining, in CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering, (Springer, Heidelberg, 2014), pp. 446–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. McGeough, Electron Beam Machining. Micromachining of Engineering Materials, vol. 299 (2001)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.A. McGeough, Micromachining of Engineering Materials (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 2002)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zheng, X., Chen, E., Steele, P., and Grothers, P. (2002). Shape Machining of Aerospace Composite Components Using Not-Traditional Abrasive Waterjet Cutting Process, Sixth AMST’02 Conference, Italy, pp. 507–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. Zhang, D.Q. Sun, X.Y. Gu, H.M. Li, Nd:YAG pulsed laser welding of dissimilar metals of titanium alloy to stainless steel. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 94(1–4), 1073–1085 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-0997-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M.S. Węglowski, S. Błacha, A. Phillips, Electron beam welding—techniques and trends—review. Vacuum 130, 72–92 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rasheedat Modupe Mahamood
    • 1
    • 2
  • Esther Titilayo Akinlabi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering Science, Faculty of Engineering and the Built EnvironmentUniversity of Johannesburg, Auckland Park Kingsway Campus, Auckland ParkJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringFaculty of Engineering, University of IlorinIlorinNigeria

Personalised recommendations