Osteoporosis Diagnosis

  • Claudio MarcocciEmail author
  • Federica Saponaro


Osteoporosis is a systemic disease characterized by decreased bone strength and an increased risk of fracture. Bone strength progressively declines with aging, and therefore osteoporosis is considered an inevitable process and is not approached as a relevant clinical problem. However, several intervening factors may accelerate this involutional process. One of the major reasons is that osteoporosis is asymptomatic until a fracture occurs, and therefore both the physician and the patients fail to appreciate its importance. As a matter of fact, many patients with osteoporosis and/or at increased risk of fracture are still underdiagnosed and undertreated.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineUniversity of Pisa, Endocrine Unit 2, University Hospital of PisaPisaItaly

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