Using the Continental Shelf for Climate Change Mitigation: A Baltic Sea Perspective
The chapter addresses legal issues relating to the use of the continental shelf for carbon storage in the Baltic Sea. Following an introduction to the technology, the focus is on inconsistencies within and between different regulatory layers in this novel yet fairly well-regulated field and on the ability of the legal system to manage the many interests and actors affected by such operations. The last part of the article assesses how well equipped international and EU law is to deal with conflicting interests and recent developments in this regard. While focusing on carbon storage, the significance of the analysis is more broadly applicable for any other marine activities that give rise to conflicting interests in the Baltic Sea region and beyond.