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Indian Spices pp 205-247 | Cite as

Plant Health Management in Major Spice Crops

  • Rashid Pervez
Chapter

Abstract

Spices production in India is sustained losses due to several reasons. Among them, one of the major constraints are diseases and nematode pests, which causes significant yield losses. Various pests infest economically important spices crops such as black pepper (Piper nigrum L.), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton.) and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) affecting their productivity. The major nematode pests infesting these crops include burrowing nematodes Radopholus similis; root knot Meloidogyne incognita on black pepper. Whereas, lesion Pratylenchus sp., M. incognita and R. similis infesting ginger and cardamom crops. Black pepper is susceptible to a number of diseases of which foot rot or quick wilt caused by Phytopthora capsici, and fungal diseases such as anthracnose and spike shedding are the major ones. Mosaic or ‘katte’ disease and capsule rot, leaf blight, leaf blotch are serious problems and are major constraints in the successful cultivation and production in cardamom. Ginger is susceptible to a number of diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and virus like Soft rot/rhizome rot, Bacterial wilt, Phyllosticta leaf spot, Colletotrichum leaf spot, Thread blight and Mosaic disease. Adoption of integrated pest management schedules is important in these crops since excessive use of pesticides could lead to pesticide residues in the produce affecting human health and also causing other ecological hazards.

Keywords

Spices Management Nematodes Diseases 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rashid Pervez
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Nematology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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