Profitability of Cassava Based Farms Adopting Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) Practices in Delta State, Nigeria

  • Anthony O. OnojaEmail author
  • Joshua Agbomedarho
  • Ibisime Etela
  • Eunice N. Ajie
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)


This study assessed the profitability of Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) practices adopted by cassava based farmers in Delta State, Nigeria. It also ascertained the differences in profits between the CSAs and then evaluated the determinants of their profits. Primary data were collected from 120 farmers with the aid of a structured questionnaire and a Focused Group Discussion approach. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Gross Margin, OLS regression models and Friedman test statistic. Findings indicated that the CSAs practiced by the farmers were crop rotation (91.8%), bush fallowing (80.0%), use of organic manure (73.3%), agro-forestry (40%) and multiple cropping (55%). The mean gross margin estimates for multiple cropping, monocropping and agro-forestry were $1684, $146.07 and $700 respectively. There was a significant variation in the profitability of the three farming systems. Extension service, CSA adoption, farming experience and sex were the major determinants of profitability in the cassava farms operating the CSAs. Based on the findings, it was recommended that agricultural extension services be provided to boost productivity of CSA practices in the crop farms; while policies that will encourage CSA adoption (especially agro-forestry and multiple cropping) should be put in place. Gender mainstreaming in the CSA adoption should also be encouraged by relevant authorities.


Climate smart agriculture Farm productivity Resilience against climate change Food security Agribusiness 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony O. Onoja
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joshua Agbomedarho
    • 1
  • Ibisime Etela
    • 2
  • Eunice N. Ajie
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Economics and ExtensionUniversity of Port HarcourtPort HarcourtNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Animal ScienceUniversity of Port HarcourtPort HarcourtNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural SciencesIgnatius Ajuru University of EducationPort HarcourtNigeria

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