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Ecosystem Services and Incentive Mechanisms for Environmental Preservation in Brazil

  • Andréia Faraoni Freitas SettiEmail author
  • Walter Leal Filho
  • Ulisses M. Azeiteiro
Chapter
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)

Abstract

The evidence that environmental imbalances pose a serious and imminent threat to the future of mankind has prompted concrete actions in the environment. However, in Brazil, the challenge is to integrate the various regulations, public policies, new opportunities, and incentive mechanisms for forest protection and restoration. This paper discusses specific forms of action in Brazilian systems of Law, Economics and Politics that can influence environmental issues. It systemically presents economic instruments and analyzes the adoption of programs of Payment for Environmental Services to encourage voluntary practices of environmental protection. We suggest a mandatory strengthening of local power to increase the effectiveness of environmental legislation. The local sphere relates more closely with the more tangible reality and, therefore, is the closest instance of political decision-making that most directly affects people’s lives. It is also where the exercise of citizenship is more fruitful and where popular participation is more intense. We assume that sustainable development is unachievable without governance because it promotes common goals through collective action and requires structural changes in the dominant institutions.

Keywords

Ecosystem services Public policy Payment for environmental services 2030 agenda for sustainable development 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andréia Faraoni Freitas Setti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Walter Leal Filho
    • 2
  • Ulisses M. Azeiteiro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and CESAM Centre for Environmental and Marine StudiesUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.School of Science and the EnvironmentManchester Metropolitan UniversityManchesterUK

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