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Enhancing Food Security and Climate Change Resilience in Degraded Land Areas by Resilient Crops and Agroforestry

  • Muhammad SaqibEmail author
  • Javaid Akhtar
  • Ghulam Abbas
  • Ghulam Murtaza
Chapter
Part of the Climate Change Management book series (CCM)

Abstract

Land degradation is threatening food security, life quality and climate change resilience of rural communities in many parts of the world. Salinity and sodicity of soil and water, and drought are considered major causes of increasing land degradation. The soil and water problems of these areas vary in intensity and type hence need site specific solutions. These solutions depend on the needs of the farmers and the capability of the farmers to adapt a specific solution. These solutions are the use of stress resistant genotypes of crops, grasses and trees along with different amendments including organic and inorganic. The crops may be grown in slightly degraded areas whereas grasses and trees may be used for moderately to severely degraded areas. A win-win situation can be created in these areas by reversing land degradation through integrating use of crops, grasses, trees and, organic and inorganic amendments. The cultivation of barren lands not only ensures food security but also contributes to the environmental conservation through carbon sequestration and ecological rehabilitation. This chapter discusses the salt-induced land degradation, its causes and potential solutions to profitably utilize these degraded areas for enhancing food security and climate change resilience in these areas on sustainable basis.

Keywords

Carbon sequestration Climate change resilience Food security Plants Land degradation Salinity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Saqib
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Javaid Akhtar
    • 1
  • Ghulam Abbas
    • 3
  • Ghulam Murtaza
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Institute of Plant NutritionJustus-Liebig UniversityGiessenGermany
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ScienceCOMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari CampusVehariPakistan

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