The Role of Health Impact Assessment for Shaping Policies and Making Cities Healthier
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is an important tools to integrate evidence in the decision-making process, and introduce health in all policies. In urban and transport planning, HIAs have been used generally to assess qualitatively urban interventions rather than offering more useful/powerful estimations to stakeholders through quantitative approaches. HIAs could answer various pressing questions such as: what are the best and most feasible urban and transport planning policy measures to improve public health in cities? Also the process on how to get there is often as important as the actual output of the HIA, as the process may provide answers to important questions as to how different disciplines/sectors can effectively work together and develop a common language, how to best incorporate citizen and stakeholder, how different modelling and measurement methods can be effectively integrated, and whether a public health approach could make changes in urban and transport planning.
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