Built Environment and Physical Activity

  • Billie Giles-CortiEmail author
  • Lucy Gunn
  • Paula Hooper
  • Claire Boulange
  • Belén Zapata Diomedi
  • Chris Pettit
  • Sarah Foster


The urban design of places where people live, work and play can make a significant difference to health and wellbeing. The influence of city planning on transport mode choice, access to open space, walkability and other characteristics of the built environment on chronic diseases and their risk factors—particularly physical activity through walking—and on environmental sustainability, is now the subject of a large body of research. However, gaps and methodological shortcomings in this literature remain, and urban research finding are still rarely used by decision-makers to plan cities. This article reviews research in this field over the last decade and proposes areas and methods for future inquiry including research methods that are relevant to policy and practice.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Billie Giles-Corti
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lucy Gunn
    • 1
    • 2
  • Paula Hooper
    • 1
    • 3
  • Claire Boulange
    • 1
    • 2
  • Belén Zapata Diomedi
    • 1
    • 4
  • Chris Pettit
    • 5
  • Sarah Foster
    • 2
  1. 1.NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Healthy Liveable CommunitiesMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Urban ResearchRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for the Built Environment and HealthThe University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  4. 4.School of Civil EngineeringUniversity of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia
  5. 5.Faculty of Built EnvironmentUniversity of New South WalesKensingtonAustralia

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