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Anesthesiology pp 589-596 | Cite as

Functional Brain Surgery (Stereotactic Surgery, Deep Brain Stimulation)

  • Ilyas Qazi
  • Hannah Church
Chapter

Abstract

Deep Brain stimulation (DBS) as a neurosurgical treatment modality for movement disorders has evolved significantly since its inception in the early 80s. With rapid technological advancements, the scope of DBS has expanded and now encompasses treatment for refractory epilepsy, chronic pain conditions and certain neuropsychiatric disorders.

The minimally invasive nature of DBS surgery provides a better patient safety and recovery profile when compared to permanent and often more invasive neurosurgical lesioning techniques. Although, the understanding of the postulated mechanisms of DBS treatment is constantly evolving, it continues to offer a modern-day remedy for refractory movement disorders.

The anesthetic considerations for DBS surgery are wide-ranging and any peri-operative planning mandates a multi-disciplinary approach. The anesthetic challenges are not just limited to the provision of sound anesthetic care during the implantation of DBS electrodes but also extend to situations where patients with deep brain stimulators present for non-DBS related surgeries.

Keywords

Parkinson’s disease Deep brain stimulation Subthalamic nuclei Substantia nigra Intraoperative electrophysiology 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilyas Qazi
    • 1
  • Hannah Church
    • 1
  1. 1.Queen Elizabeth HospitalBirminghamUK

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