Anesthesiology pp 473-483 | Cite as

Anesthesia for Ex-Utero Intra-Partum Procedures

  • Magdy Takla
  • Irwin Gratz
  • Bharathi Gourkanti


Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment (EXIT) are therapeutic interventions that are part of an extended cesarean section for fetuses with a variety of life-threatening airway abnormalities or congenital malformations. The anesthetic goals are to maintain the integrity of the maternal-fetal circulation while maintaining optimal uterine relaxation, the physiology and anesthetic goal of the EXIT procedure are reviewed and modifications to the classic treatment discussed. Multidisciplinary collaboration is required for optimum results.


Ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) Fetal malformation Cesarean delivery General anesthesia Fetal anesthesia Obstetric anesthesia 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cooper Medical School Rowan University, Cooper University HospitalCamdenUSA

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