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Anesthesiology pp 221-228 | Cite as

Anesthesia for Dental Procedures

  • Carolyn Barbieri
  • Meghan Whitley
Chapter

Abstract

While a significant amount of dental procedures can be done in an outpatient dental office under local anesthesia, there are numerous circumstances when the patient’s medical comorbidities require additional monitoring and deeper levels of sedation than can be provided in this setting. These may range in spectrum from mild anxiolysis performed by a dentist, to general anesthesia performed by an anesthesiologist. The content below offers an overview of human dental anatomy, dental notation, levels of sedation, common anxiolytics and anesthetic practices, guidelines for the management of dental anesthesia and potential adverse events.

Keywords

Dental anesthesia Human dental anatomy Dental identification American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) guidelines for sedation and analgesia by non-anesthesiologists Spontaneous bacterial endocarditis Local anesthetics Nitrous oxide Ketamine Chloral hydrate Arrhythmias in dental procedures 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative MedicinePenn State Milton S. Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA

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