Advertisement

From “No One Left Behind” to Putting the Last First: Centring the Voices of Disabled People in Resilience Work

  • Tristan Görgens
  • Gina Ziervogel
Chapter

Abstract

The concept of resilience has obtained considerable purchase in the international development literature. After reviewing the literature and indicating that an inclusive approach that embraces the social justice agenda is required, we suggest that a project to centre the voices of disabled people within resilience work and debates about resilience may be helpful in a variety of ways. We argue that rather than simply ensuring that disabled people are included, they should be considered key informants whose perspectives are used to frame resilience processes. Recent methodological approaches that seek to work with marginalised groups in this way are then outlined to describe how this may be done in practice. Finally, we conclude by warning that this does not mean that disabled groups should be burdened with even more responsibility but rather that carefully thought through collaborations between these groups and others should be fostered to pursue a more inclusive and just approach to resilience work.

References

  1. Abbot, D., & Porter, S. (2013). Environmental hazard and disabled people: From vulnerable to expert to interconnected. Disability and Society, 28(6), 839–852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahern, J. (2011). From fail-safe to safe-to-fail: Sustainability and resilience in the new urban world. Landscape and Urban Planning, 100(4), 341–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baser, H., & Morgan, P. (2008). Capacity, change and performance. Maastricht: European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM).Google Scholar
  4. Blum, R., McNeely, C., & Nonnemaker, J. (2002). Vulnerability, risk, and protection. Journal of Adolescent Health, 31(1S), 28–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brand, F., & Jax, K. (2007). Focusing the meaning(s) of resilience: Resilience as a descriptive concept and a boundary object. Ecology and Society, 12, 23–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chu, E., Anguelovski, I., & Carmin, J. (2015). Inclusive approaches to urban climate adaptation planning and implementation in the Global South. Climate Policy, 3062, 1–21.Google Scholar
  7. Colenbrander, S., & Archer, D. (2016). Leave no one behind: what is the role of community-led urban development? (IIED working paper). London: IIED. Retrieved from http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/16628IIED.pdf
  8. DIAUD. (2016). The inclusion imperative: Towards disability-inclusive and accessible urban development. Retrieved from http://www.cbm.org/article/downloads/54741/The_Inclusion_Imperative__Towards_Disability-Inclusive_Development_and_Accessible_Urban_Development.pdf
  9. Eriksen, S. H., Nightingale, A. J., & Eakin, H. (2015). Reframing adaptation: The political nature of climate change adaptation. Global Environmental Change, 35, 523–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Evans, J. (2011). Resilience, ecology and adaptation in the experimental city. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 36, 223–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fainstein, S. (2015). Resilience and justice. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 39(1), 157–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Folke, C. (2006). Resilience: The emergence of a perspective for social-ecological systems analyses. Global Environmental Change, 16(3), 253–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Harris, L. M., Chu, E., & Ziervogel, G. (in press, 2017). Negotiated resilience. Resilience, doi:  https://doi.org/10.1080/21693293.2017.1353196.
  14. Hillhorst, D., & Bankoff, G. (2004). Introduction: Mapping vulnerability. In G. Bankoff, G. Frerks, & D. Hillhorst (Eds.), Mapping vulnerability: Disasters, development and people (pp. 1–9). London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
  15. Hughes, S. (2013). Justice in urban climate change adaptation: Criteria and application to Delhi. Ecology and Society, 18(4), 48–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hutcheon, E., & Lashewicz, B. (2014). Theorizing resilience: Critiquing and unbounding a marginalizing concept. Disability & Society, 29(9), 1383–1397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hutcheon, E., & Wolbring, G. (2013). Deconstructing the resilience concept using an ableism lens: Implications for people with diverse abilities. Dilemata International Journal of Applied Ethics, 11, 235–252.Google Scholar
  18. Kaika, M. (2017). ‘Don’t call me resilient again!’: The new urban agenda as immunology … or … what happens when communities refuse to be vaccinated with ‘smart cities’ and indicators. Environment and Urbanization, 29(1), 89–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Leipoldt, E. (2006). Disability experience: A contribution from the margins towards a sustainable future. Journal of Futures Studies, 10(3), 15–32.Google Scholar
  20. MacKinnon, D., & Derickson, D. (2012). From resilience to resourcefulness: A critique of resilience policy and activism. Progress in Human Geography, 37, 253–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mercer, S., & MacDonald, R. (2007). Disability and human rights. The Lancet, 370, 548–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mikulewicz, M. (2017). Politicizing vulnerability and adaptation: On the need to democratize local responses to climate impacts in developing countries. Climate and Development10(1): 1–17.Google Scholar
  23. Mitra, S., Mulligan, J., Schilling, J., Harper, J., Vivekananda, J., & Krause, L. (2017). Developing risk or resilience? Effects of slum upgrading on the social contract and social cohesion in Kibera, Nairobi. Environment and Urbanization, 29(1), 103–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pickett, S., Cadenassso, M., & Grove, J. (2004). Resilient cities: Meaning, models, and metaphor for integrating the ecological, socio-economic, and planning realms. Landscape Urban Planning, 69, 369–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Reeler, D., Schuurmans, A., & Overweel, J. (Eds.). (2016). Embracing practices of inclusion. MCNV, Global Initiative on Psychiatry, and World Granny. Retrieved from http://www.barefootguide.org/uploads/1/1/1/6/111664/embracing_practices_of_inclusion_-_the_book-web.pdf
  26. Sarzynski, A. (2015). Public participation, civic capacity, and climate change adaptation in cities. Urban Climate, 14, 52–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Shi, L., Chu, E., Anguelovski, I., Aylett, A., Debats, J., Goh, K., et al. (2016). Roadmap towards justice in urban climate adaptation research. Nature Climate Change, 6, 131–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ungar, M. (2004). A constructionist discourse on resilience. Youth & Society, 35(3), 341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. United Nations (UN). (2017). The New Urban Agenda (A/RES/71/256). Retrieved from http://habitat3.org/the-new-urban-agenda/
  30. United Nations General Assembly (UN). (2015). Transforming our world: The 2030 agenda for sustainable development (A/RES/70/1). Retrieved from http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E
  31. United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat). (2009). Planning sustainable cities: Global report on human settlements 2009. London: Earthscan. Retrieved from https://unhabitat.org/books/global-report-on-human-settlements-2009-planning-sustainable-cities/#
  32. United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat). (2014). The state of African cities 2014: Re-imagining sustainable urban transitions. Nairobi: United Nations Human Settlements Programme. Retrieved from https://unhabitat.org/books/state-of-african-cities-2014-re-imagining-sustainable-urban-transitions/#
  33. United Nations Secretariat, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN). (2016). Good practices of accessible urban development: Making urban environments inclusive and fully accessible to all. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/desa/good_practices_in_accessible_urban_development_october2016.pdf
  34. Walby, S., Armstrong, J., & Strid, S. (2012). Intersectionality: Multiple inequalities in social theory. Sociology, 46, 224–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wamsler, C. (2017). Stakeholder involvement in strategic adaptation planning: Transdisciplinarity and co-production at stake? Environmental Science & Policy, 75, 148–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Young, A., Green, L., & Rogers, K. (2008). Resilience and deaf children: A literature review. Deafness & Education International, 10(1), 40–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ziervogel, G., Pelling, M., Cartwright, A., Chu, E., Deshpande, T., Harris, L., et al. (2017). Inserting rights and justice into urban resilience: A focus on everyday risk. Environment & Urbanization, 1, 1–16.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Policy and Strategy Unit, Department of the PremierWestern Cape GovernmentCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Environmental and Geographical ScienceUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations