Advertisement

Bodies (Im)politic: The Experiences of Sexuality of Disabled Women in Zimbabwe

  • Christine Peta
  • Judith McKenzie
Chapter

Abstract

Citizenship includes the ways in which people belong to society, a nation-state, political society, and local community. Disabled women are commonly discriminated against on the grounds of disability; hence, they are often denied access to opportunities that enable them to enjoy equal citizenship rights with their non-disabled counterparts. In this chapter, we draw on the lens of sexuality, to illuminate the obscurity that surrounds the notion of citizenship in so far as it relates to disabled women in Zimbabwe. Contrary to the reality that all human beings are sexual, society often disregards the sexuality of disabled women, and in instances where it is acknowledged, it is often by persons who perpetrate sexual violence against disabled women, to the detriment of their health and well-being.

References

  1. Amnesty International. (2004). Amnesty international report. London: Amnesty International Publications.Google Scholar
  2. Basson, R. (1998). Sexual health of women with disabilities. CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 15(4), 359. Retrieved from http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC1229598&blobtype=pdf. Accessed 20 Nov 2017.
  3. Biblica, I. (2011). Holy Bible, new international version (NIV). Michigan: IncZondervan.Google Scholar
  4. Boylan, E. (1991). Women and disability. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  5. Chabata, T. (2012). The commercialisation of lobola in contemporary Zimbabwe: A double-edged sword for women. BUWA! A Journal on African Women’s Experiences, 2(1), 70–74. Retrieved from http://www.osisa.org/buwa/zimbabwe/commercialisation-lobola-contemporary-zimbabwe-double-edged-sword-women. Accessed 3 May 2013.
  6. Chavhunduka, G. L. (1998). The professionalization of traditional medicine in Zimbabwe. Harare: ZINATHA.Google Scholar
  7. Chingandu, L. (2005). Multiple concurrent partnerships: The story of Zimbabwe – Are small houses a key driver? Retrieved from http://archive.kubatana.net/docs/hivaid/safaids_small_houses_070612.pdf. Accessed 28 Feb 2014.
  8. Chireshe, E., & Chireshe, R. (2010). Lobola: The perceptions of great Zimbabwe university students. Journal of Pan African Studies, 3(9), 211–221. Retrieved from http://www.biomedsearch.com/article/Lobola-perceptions-Great-Zimbabwe-University/306596742.html. Accessed 22 Feb 2015.
  9. Choruma, T. (2007). The forgotten tribe: People with disabilities in Zimbabwe. London: Progressio.Google Scholar
  10. Dangarembga, T. (1988). Nervous conditions. London: Women’s Press.Google Scholar
  11. Dotson, L. A., Stinson, J., & Christian, L. (2003). People tell me I can’t have sex: Women with disabilities share their personal perspectives on health care, sexuality and reproductive rights. In M. E. Banks & E. Kaschak (Eds.), Women with visible and invisible disabilities, multiple intersections, multiple issues, multiple therapies (pp. 490–507). New York: The Harworth Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  12. Gonda, V. (2013). Transcript: Zimbabwe’s controversial marriage laws. Retrieved from http://www.voazimbabwe.com/content/zimbabwes-controversial-marriage-laws-prime-minister/1576636.html. Accessed 20 Aug 2015.
  13. Government of Zimbabwe. (1964). Marriages Act, 81. Retrieved from https://cyber.harvard.edu/population/zimbabwe/marriage.htm. Accessed 29 Sep 2014.
  14. Groce, N. E., & Trasi, R. (2004). Rape of individuals with disability: AIDS and the folk belief of virgin cleansing. The Lancet, 363(9422), 1663–1664.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16288-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hanass-Hancock, J. (2009a). Disability and HIV/AIDS – A systematic review of literature on Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 12(34), 1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2652-12-34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hanass-Hancock, J. (2009b). Interweaving conceptualizations of gender and disability in the context of vulnerability to HIV/AIDS in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. Sexuality and Disability, 27, 35–47.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11195-008-9105-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Haram, L. (2005). AIDS and risk: The handling of uncertainty in Northern Tanzania. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 7(1), 1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13691050410001680500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Izugbara, C., & Undie, C. (2008). Who owns the body? Indigenous African discourses of the body and contemporary sexual rights rhetoric. Reproductive Health Matters, 16(31), 159–167.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0968-8080(08)31344-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kalichman, S. C., Williams, E. A., Cherry, C., Belcher, L., & Nachimson, D. (1998). Sexual coercion, domestic violence, and negotiating condom use among low-income African American women. Journal of Women’s Health, 7(3), 371–378.  https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.1998.7.371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kelly, J. A. (2004). Popular opinion leaders and HIV prevention peer education: Resolving discrepant findings, and implications for the development of effective community programmes. AIDS Care, 16(2), 139–150.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120410001640986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kwaramba, F. (2011). Traditional practices put women at HIV risk. Retrieved from http://www.thezimbabwean.co/2011/09/traditional-practices-put-women-at/. Accessed 11 Jan 2014.
  22. Lister, R. (1997). Citizenship: Towards a feminist synthesis. Feminist Review, 57, 28–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Living Zimbabwe. (2008). The small house syndrome. Retrieved from http://www.livingzimbabwe.com/the-small-house-syndrome. Accessed 16 Aug 2015.
  24. Loutzenheiser, L. W., & MacIntosh, L. B. (2004). Citizenships, sexualities and education. Theory Into Practice, 43(2), 151–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mpofu, E., & Harley, D. A. (2002). Disability and rehabilitation in Zimbabwe: Lessons and implications for rehabilitation practice in the US. Journal of Rehabilitation, 68(4), 26–33.Google Scholar
  26. Reid, G., & Walker, L. (2005). Sex and secrecy: A focus on African sexualities. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 7(3), 185–194.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13691050412331334353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Russo, N. F., & Pirlott, A. (2006). Gender-based violence. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1087(1), 178–205.  https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1385.024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tamale, S. (2011). African sexualities: A reader. Oxford: Pambazuka Press.Google Scholar
  29. The Independent. (2012). Rape victim forced to marry attackers in Morocco. Retrieved from http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/rape-victim-forced-to-marry-attacker-in-morocco-7574174.html. Accessed 14 Aug 2015.
  30. Thomas, C. (2001). Medicine, gender, and disability: Disabled women’s health care encounters. Health Care for Women International, 22(3), 245–262.  https://doi.org/10.1080/073993301300357188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Thomas, C. (2006). Disability and gender: Reflections on theory and research. Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, 8(2–3), 177–185.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15017410600731368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Thomas, C., & Curtis, P. (1997). Having a baby: Some disabled women’s reproductive experiences. Midwifery, 13(4), 202–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tjaden, P. G., & Thoennes, N. (2006). Extent, nature, and consequences of rape victimization: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.Google Scholar
  34. Wazakili, M., Mpofu, R., & Devlieger, P. (2006). Experiences and perceptions of sexuality and HIV/AIDS among young people with physical disabilities in a South African township: A case study. Sexuality and Disability, 24(2), 77–88.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11195-006-9006-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wilkerson, A. (2011). Disability, sex radicalism and political agency. In K. Hall (Ed.), Feminist disability studies (pp. 194–217). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Wood, K., & Jewkes, R. (1997). Violence, rape, and sexual coercion: Everyday love in a South African township: An overview. Gender and Development, 5(2), 41–46.  https://doi.org/10.1080/741922353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zinanga, E. (1996). Sexuality, identity and change. Southern Africa Feminist Review, 2(1), 3–6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Rehabilitation Studies, Department of Global Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesStellenbosch UniversityStellenboschSouth Africa
  2. 2.Division of Disability Studies, Department of Health and Rehabilitation SciencesUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations