Advertisement

Anti-Racism from the Margins: Welcoming Refugees at Schengen’s Northernmost Border

  • Carolina S. Boe
  • Karina Horsti
Chapter
Part of the Approaches to Social Inequality and Difference book series (ATSIAD)

Abstract

Through events of solidarity with refugees that unfolded at the Arctic border between Norway and Russia in 2015, we critically address two common analyses of racism and humanitarianism. First, we argue that the often-claimed explanation that racism results from disenfranchised social class fails to identify solidarities across marginalized groups. Furthermore, as anti-Muslim racism has become more mainstream in the Nordic region, solidarity with refugees offers critical positions in relation to political centers. Second, the case demonstrates how humanitarian action and politicized refugee activism are not necessarily separate forms of action but more entangled forms of engagement. The case where a small Arctic community in Kirkenes responded in solidarity with the refugees who crossed the border from Russia demonstrates how humanitarian assistance entangles with politicized action against the European border regime and against xenophobia, which the locals perceive to be generated by politicians from the political centers of Europe.

Keywords

Activism Anti-racism Arctic Borders Humanitarianism Refugees 

References

  1. Andersson, R. (2014). Illegality INC: Clandestine Migration and the Business of Bordering Europe. Oakland: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  2. Balibar, É., Chemillier-Gendreau, M., Costa-Lascoux, J., & Terray, E. (1999). Sans-papiers: l’archaïsme fatal. Éditions La Découverte et Syros.Google Scholar
  3. Boe, C. S. (in press). The Undeported: The Making of a Floating Population of Exiles in France and Europe, Series: Challenging Migration Studies. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  4. Boe, C. S., & Mainsah, H. N. (2017). Traces and Places: Making Borders Visible in Paris’ 18th Arrondissement. Retrieved from https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/research-subject-groups/centre-criminology/centreborder-criminologies/blog/2017/06/traces-and-places
  5. Cette France-là. (2012). Xénophobie d’en haut. Le choix d’une droite éhontée. Paris: La Découverte.Google Scholar
  6. Chouliaraki, L. (2013). The Ironic Spectator: Solidarity in the Age of Post-Humanitarianism. London: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  7. Coutin, S. B. (2000). Legalizing Moves. Michigan: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fassin, D. (2012). Humanitarian Reason: A Moral History of the Present. Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  9. Gerbier-Aublanc, M. (2017). L’umanitaire instrumentalisé à Calais. Plein droit, 1(112), 32–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gullvik, I. K., & Mortensen, R. (2016). Ett år etter milliardkonkursen er Sydaranger Gruve i gang igjen. NRK. Retrieved from https://www.nrk.no/finnmark/xl/ett-ar-etter-milliardkonkursen-er-sydvaranger-gruve-i-gang-igjen-1.13226536
  11. Horsti, K. (2013). De-ethnicized Victims: Mediatized Advocacy for Asylum Seekers. Journalism: Theory, Practice & Criticism, 14(1), 78–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Horsti, K., & Neumann, K. (2017). Memorialising Mass Deaths at the Border: Two Cases from Canberra (Australia) and Lampedusa (Italy). Ethnic and Racial Studies, Online first.Google Scholar
  13. Johnson, H. (2016, October 7). Norwegians Laugh at the New Fence on Russian Border. BBC News. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-37577547
  14. Lippert, R. (2004, November–December). Sanctuary Practices, Rationalities, and Sovereignties Alternatives: Global, Local, Political. Governing Society Today, 29(5), 535–555.Google Scholar
  15. Mauss, M. (1923–1924). Essai sur le don. Forme et raison de l’échange dans les sociétés primitives. l’Année Sociologique, seconde série.Google Scholar
  16. Migreurop. (2009). Atlas des migrants en Europe. Géographie critique des politiques migratoires. Paris: Armand Collin.Google Scholar
  17. Migreurop. (2017). Atlas des migrants en Europe. Géographie critique des politiques migratoires. Paris: Armand Collin.Google Scholar
  18. Neumann, K. (2013, July 22). Attentiveness and Indifference. Inside Story. Retrieved from http://insidestory.org.au/attentiveness-and-indifference
  19. Niemi, E. (2009). Grenseland og periferi: Møtested for stat, nasjon og etnisitet. In E. Niemi & C. Smith-Simonsen (Eds.), Det hjemlige og det globale: Festskrift til Randi Rønning Balsvik (pp. 431–455). Oslo: Akademisk Publisering.Google Scholar
  20. Nyers, P. (2003, December). Abject Cosmopolitanism: The Politics of Protection in the Anti-Deportation Movement. Third World Quarterly, 24(6), 1069–1093.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pian, A. (2009). Aux nouvelles frontières de l’Europe. L’aventure incertaine des Sénégalais au Maroc. Paris: La Dispute.Google Scholar
  22. Puggioni, R. (2015). Border Politics, Right to Life and Acts of Dissensus: Voices from the Lampedusa Borderland. Third World Quarterly, 36(6), 1145–1159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Schimanski, J. (2015). Border Aesthetics and Cultural Distancing in the Norwegian-Russian Borderscape. Geopolitics, 20(1), 35–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Scott, J. C. (1998). Seeing Like a State. How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Soleim, M. N. (2015, April). War Graves and Collective Memory, Vol. 4, 101–108.Google Scholar
  26. Soleim, M. N. (2016). “Soviet Prisoners of War in Norway 1941–45—Destiny, Treatment and Forgotten Memories.” Modern History of Russia no. 1, 22–32.Google Scholar
  27. Squire, V. (2014). Desert ‘Trash’: Posthumanism, Border Struggles, and Humanitarian Politics. Political Geography, 39, 11–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ticktin, M. (2011). Casualties of Care: Immigration and the Politics of Humanitarianism in France. Berkeley: University of California Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tucci, I. (2017). In Response to Migration Policies and to the Militarization of Territories: Activism in the Community of Lampedusa. In M. Ojala-Fulwood (Ed.), Migration and Multi-Ethnic Communities: Mobile People from the Late Middle-Ages to the Present. Oldenbourg: De Gruyter.Google Scholar
  30. Viken, A., Granås, B., & Nyseth, T. (2008). Kirkenes: An Industrial Site Reinvented as a Border Town. Acta Borealia, 25(1), 22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark
  2. 2.University of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland

Personalised recommendations