Decision Framework for Shipowners to Comply with Air Emission Reduction Measures: A Case Study of Methanol as a Fuel

  • Aditya SrivastavaEmail author
  • Aykut I. Ölçer
  • Fabio Ballini
Part of the WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs book series (WMUSTUD, volume 6)


The main aim of this chapter is to develop a decision framework for ship owners to comply with emission regulations; various measures that are available to ship owners are analysed. A comparison between technical, operational, and other abatement measures for averting air emissions of carbon equivalent is made. A case study of Methanol as a marine fuel to comply with the air emission regulations is demonstrated. The environmental and economic benefits are evaluated to find the feasibility of alternative fuel technology. The externality will be assessed for the vessel before and after fuel switching. Ranking of different measures available to ship-owners is made by using a Multi Criteria Decision Making Technique. Gaps in the decision framework are analysed and evaluated. In conclusion, a holistic view of the decision framework for ship-owners is given with some recommendations. The case study will prove that, in the long term, by complying with abatement measures or alternative fuel technology, ship owners will avoid carbon tax and will have social and financial benefits. Methanol is a step towards zero emissions and complying with sustainability goals of the United Nations.


Air emissions Methanol Emission scenarios Externality Decision framework Sustainable goals TOPSIS AHP Impact assessment Marine fuel 



We would like to express our very sincere gratitude to Stena lines and Stena officials especially to Ms. Catherine Lee who is Business Development Director of Stena Lines Group and Mr. Per Stefenson who is Marine Standards Advisor for Stena Rederi AB Technical Division for their valuable input and providing the first author with data for successful completion of the paper. Every result described in this paper was accomplished with the help and support of fellow colleagues and collaborators. We would like to thank all the people who contributed in some way to the work described in this paper.


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Further Reading

  1. Franc, P., & Sutto, L. (2013). Impact analysis on shipping lines and European ports of a cap-and-trade system on CO2 emissions in maritime transport. Maritime Policy & Management, 41(1), 61–78. Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aditya Srivastava
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aykut I. Ölçer
    • 2
  • Fabio Ballini
    • 2
  1. 1.Supply Chain, Maersk LineMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.World Maritime UniversityMalmöSweden

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