Advertisement

Conversion of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks into Biogas

  • Ritika Verma
  • Abhilash Kumar Tripathi
  • Sudhir Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter will discuss in detail about the different processes involved in conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks into biogas and the shortcomings of the conventional processes. The different methods of physical, chemical, and biological pretreatment for the lignocellulose will be discussed. The chapter also addresses methods of biogas production, analysis, and the different biogas reactors.

Keywords

Biogas AD Lignocellulosic feedstock Extremophiles Biomethane Bioreactors Methanogens 

References

  1. Abatzoglou N, Boivin S (2009) A review of biogas purification processes. Biofuels Bioprod Biorefin 3(1):42–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alam S (2006) Production of organic manure in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute’s Report, Savar, Dhaka, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  3. Anaerobic Digestate: End of Waste Criteria for the Production and Use of Quality Outputs from Anaerobic Digestate of Source Segregated Biodegradable Waste, Quality Protocol Report (2012) http://www.biofertiliser.org.uk/
  4. Appl M, Wagner U, Henrici HJ; Kuessner K, Volkamer K, Fuerst E (1982) Removal of CO2 and/or H2S and/or COS from gases containing these constituents. US Patent 4336233 AGoogle Scholar
  5. Barker JC (2001) Methane fuel gas from livestock wastes: a summary, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, EBAE 071-80Google Scholar
  6. Bauer F, Hulteberg C, Persson T, Tamm D (2013) Biogas upgrading – review of commercial technologies SGC Report, vol 270, pp 1–82Google Scholar
  7. Beddoes JC, Kelsi S, Bracmort KS, Burns RT, Lazarus WF (2007) An analysis of energy production costs from anaerobic digestion systems on U.S. livestock production facilities. Technical Note No. 1, Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), U.S. Department of AgricultureGoogle Scholar
  8. Bischoff M (2009) Knowledge in the use of additives and auxiliaries as well as trace elements in biogas plants, VDI report no. 2057Google Scholar
  9. Bjornsson L, Murto M, Jantsch TG, Mattiasson B (2001) Evaluation of new methods for the monitoring of alkalinity, dissolved hydrogen and the microbial community in anaerobic digestion. Water Res 35:2833–2840CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Bruni E, Jensen AP, Angelidaki I (2010) Comparative study of mechanical, hydrothermal, chemical and enzymatic treatments of digested biofibers to improve biogas production. Bioresour Technol 101:7–8713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Burr B, Lyddon L (2008) A comparison of physical solvents for acid gas removal. Gas Processors’ Association Convention, Grapevine, TXGoogle Scholar
  12. Cara C, Ruiz E, Oliva JM, Saez F, Castro E (2008) Conversion of olive tree biomass into fermentable sugars by dilute acid pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification. Bioresour Technol 99:1869–1876CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Cesaro A, Belgiorno V (2013) Sonolysis and ozonation as pretreatment for anaerobic digestion of solid organic waste. Ultrason Sonochem 20:6–931CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chandra R, Takeuchi H, Hasegawa T, Kumar R (2012) Improving biodegradability and biogas production of wheat straw substrates using sodium hydroxide and hydrothermal pretreatments. Energy 43:273–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Confined spaces: a brief guide to working safely (2016) http://www.hse.gov.uk/
  16. Cuellar AD, Michael EW (2008) Cow Power: the energy and emissions benefits of converting manure to biogas. Environ Res Lett 3(3):034002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Deublein D, Steinhauser A (2008) Biogas from waste and renewable resources: an introduction. Wiley-VCH, WeinheimCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dobre P, Nicolae F, Matei F (2014) Main factors affecting biogas production – an overview. Rom Biotechnol Lett 19:9283–9286Google Scholar
  19. Gerardi M (2003) The microbiology of anaerobic digesters, vol 33. Wiley, Hoboken, pp 726–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Grande CA (2011) Biogas upgrading by pressure swing adsorption. In: dos Santos Bernardes MA (ed) Biofuel’s engineering process technology. In Tech, pp 65–84Google Scholar
  21. Heinze T, Schwikal K, Barthel S (2005) Ionic liquids as reaction medium in cellulose functionalization. Macromol Biosci 5:5–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hjorth M, Granitz K, Adamsen APS, Moller HB (2011) Extrusion as a pretreatment to increase biogas production. Bioresour Technol 102:4989–4994CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Hsu TA, Ladisch MR, Tsao GT (1980) Alcohol from cellulose. Chem Technol 10(5):315–319Google Scholar
  24. Hughes SR, Gibbons WR, Moser BR, Rich JO (2013) Sustainable multipurpose biorefineries for third-generation biofuels and value-added co-products. In: Fang Z (ed) Biofuels – economy, environment and sustainability. InTech, Croatia, pp 245–267.  https://doi.org/10.5772/54804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hussey B (2013) Commission for energy regulation (CER). Consultation paper, IrelandGoogle Scholar
  26. Inventory of US Gas House Emissions and Sinks 2015, EPA430-R-15-004. http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/Downloads/Biogas-Roadmap.pdf
  27. Ishikawa S, Hoshiba S, Hinata T, Hishinuma T, Morita S (2006) Evaluation of a biogas plant from life cycle assessment (LCA). Int Congr Ser 1293:230–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jackowiak D, Bassard D, Pauss A, Ribeiro T (2011) Optimisation of a microwave pretreatment of wheat straw for methane production. Bioresour Technol 102:6–6750Google Scholar
  29. Kangle KM, Kore SV, Kore VS, Kulkarni GS (2012) Recent trends in anaerobic codigestion: a review. Univers J Environ Res Technol 2:210–219Google Scholar
  30. Karthikeyan K, Kandasamy J (2006) Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor in wastewater treatment, water and wastewater technologies. UNESCO ELOSS-Encyclopedia of Life Support SystemsGoogle Scholar
  31. Khan SA, Malav LC, Kumar S, Malav MK, Gupta N (2014) Resource utilization of biogas slurry for better yield and nutritional quality of baby corn. Adv Environ Agric Sci:382–394Google Scholar
  32. Khoiyangbam RS (2011) Environmental implications of biomethanation in conventional biogas plants. Iran J Sci Technol 2(2):181–187Google Scholar
  33. Kigozi R, Aboyade A, Muzenda E (2014) Biogas production using the organic fraction of municipal solid waste as feedstock. Int J Res Chem Metall Civil Eng 1(1):107–114Google Scholar
  34. Krishna PG (2001) Response to bio-slurry application on maize and cabbage in Lalitpur District. Final report his Majesty’s Government of Nepal, Ministry of Science and Technology, Alternative Energy Promotion Centre, NepalGoogle Scholar
  35. Kumar S (2013) Bio-toilets for Indian railways. Curr Sci 104(3):283Google Scholar
  36. Kumar S, Malav LC, Malav MK, Khan S (2015) Biogas slurry: source of nutrients for eco-friendly agriculture. Int J Ext Res 2:42–46Google Scholar
  37. Lehtomaki A, Huttunen S, Rintala JA (2007) Laboratory investigations on co-digestion of energy crops and crop residues with cow manure for methane production: effect of crop to manure ratio. Resour Conserv Recycl 51:591–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lemmer A, Naegele HJ, Sondermann A (2013) How efficient are agitators in biogas digesters? Determination of the efficiency of submersible motor mixers and incline agitators by measuring nutrient distribution in full-scale agricultural biogas digesters. Energies 6:6255–6273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lin Y, Wang D, Wang L (2010) Biological pretreatment enhances biogas production in the anaerobic digestion of pulp and paper sludge. Waste Manag Res 28:10–800Google Scholar
  40. Liu WK, Du LF, Yang QC (2008) Biogas slurry added amino acids decreased nitrate concentrations of lettuce in sand culture. Acta Agric Scand 58:1–5Google Scholar
  41. Matsui T, Imlamura S (2010) Removal of siloxane from digestion gas of sewage sludge. Bioresour Technol 101(1):S29–S32CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Mattocks R (1984) Understanding biogas generation. Technical paper no. 4, Volunteers in Technical Assistance, VirginiaGoogle Scholar
  43. Menind A, Normak A Study on grinding biomass as pretreatment for biogasification. Presented at the international scientific conference, biosystems engineering, Estonian Research Institute of Agriculture, Tartu, Estonia, 13–24 May 2010Google Scholar
  44. Michalska K, Ledakowicz S (2013) Alkali pre-treatment of Sorghum Moench for biogas production. Chem Pap 67:1130–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Mosier N, Wyman C, Dale B, Elander R, Lee YY, Holtzapple M, Ladisch M (2005) Features of promising technologies for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass. Bioresour Technol 96:673–686CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. National Biogas and Manure Management Programme, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of India. http://mnre.gov.in/schemes/decentralized-systems/schems-2/
  47. Osbern LN, Crapo RO (1981) Dung lung: a report of toxic exposure to liquid manure. Ann Intern Med 95(3):312–314CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Petersson A, Wellinger A (2009) Upgrading technologies – developments and innovations IEA Bioenergy. www.iea-biogas.net
  49. Potts LGA, Balkenhoff BC, Malmber E, Lewis AR (2008) Upgrading biogas for use as vehicle fuel. In: Proceedings waste and resource management – a shared responsibility, Warwickshire, England, pp 16–17Google Scholar
  50. Rogalinski T, Ingram T, Brunner GJ (2008) Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass in water under elevated temperatures and pressures. J Supercrit Fluids 47:54–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Ryckebosch E, Drouillon M, Vervaeren H (2011) Techniques for transformation of biogas to biomethane. Biomass Bioenergy 35(5):1633–1645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Saha BC (2003) Hemicellulose bioconversion. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 30:279–291CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Santos MS, Grande CA, Rodrigues AE (2011) New cycle configuration to enhance performance of kinetic PSA processes. Chem Eng Sci 66(8):1590–1599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sapci Z (2013) The effect of microwave pretreatment on biogas production from agricultural straws. Bioresour Technol 128:94–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sasso S, Laterza E, Valenzano BA (2012) Study about explosion hazards in presence of uncontrolled anaerobic digestive process. Chem Eng Trans 26:135–140Google Scholar
  56. Sathiananthan MA (1975) Biogas achievements and challenges association of voluntary agencies of rural development, New Delhi, India. Biomethanization – a developing technology in Latin America. Breman Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA)Google Scholar
  57. Savoie JM, Vedie R, Blanc F, Minvielle N, Rousseau T, Delgenes JP (2011) Biomethane digestate from horse manure, a new waste usable in compost for growing the button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus. Proceedings of the 7th international conference on mushroom biology and mushroom products (ICMBMP7)Google Scholar
  58. Schink B (1997) Energetics of syntrophic cooperation in methanogenic degradation. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 61(2):262–280PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  59. Scholz V, Ellner J (2011) Use of biogas in fuel cells – current R&D. J Sustain Energy Environ (Special Issue):11–15Google Scholar
  60. Sibiya NT, Muzenda E (2014) A review of biogas production optimization from grass silage. International conference on chemical engineering and advanced computational technologies, Pretoria, South Africa, 24–25 Nov 2014Google Scholar
  61. Smith P, Mah R (1966) Kinetics of acetate metabolism during sludge digestion. Appl Microbiol 14:368–371PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  62. Song ZL, Yang GH, Guo Y, Zhang T (2012) Comparison of two chemical pretreatments of rice straw for biogas production by anaerobic digestion. Bioresources 7:36–3223Google Scholar
  63. Song ZL, Yang G, Han X, Fang Y, Ren G (2013) Optimization of the alkaline pretreatment of rice straw for enhanced methane yield. Biomed Res:1–9Google Scholar
  64. Sorathia HS, Rathod PP, Sorathiya AS (2012) Bio-gas generation and factors affecting the bio-gas generation – a review study. Int J Adv Res Technol 3:72–78Google Scholar
  65. Spoorthi G, Thakur RS, Kaistha N, Rao DP (2010) Process intensification in PSA processes for upgrading synthetic landfill and lean natural gases. Adsorption 17(1):121–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Sterling MC Jr, Lacey M, Engler R, Ricke C (2001) Effects of ammonia nitrogen on H2 and CH4 production during anaerobic digestion of dairy cattle manure. Bioresour Technol 77:9–18CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Sun Y, Cheng JJ (2002) Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review. Bioresour Technol 83:1–11CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Taherzadeh MJ, Karimi K (2008) Pretreatment of lignocellulosic wastes to improve ethanol and biogas production: a review. Int J Mol Sci 9:51–1621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Tarkow H, Feist WC (1969) A mechanism for improving the digestibility of lignocellulosic materials with dilute alkali and liquid ammonia. Adv Chem Ser 95:197–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Thrän D et al. (2014a) Status and factors affecting market development and trade. IEA Bioenergy Task 37 & 40Google Scholar
  71. Thrӓn D, Persson T, Svennson M, Daniel-Gromke J, Ponitka J, Seiffert M, Baldwin J, Kranzl L, Schifer F, Matzenberger J, Devriendt N, Dumont M, Dahl J, Bochmann G (2014b) Biomethane – status and factors affecting market development and trade. IEA BioenergyGoogle Scholar
  72. Tock L, Gassner M, Marechal F (2010) Thermochemical production of liquid fuels from biomass. Thermo-economic modeling, process design and process integration analysis. Biomass Bioenergy 34(12):1838–1854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Uggetti E, Sialve B, Latrille E, Steyer JP (2014) Anaerobic digestate as substrate for microalgae culture: the role of ammonium concentration on the microalgae productivity. Bioresour Technol 152:437–443CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Vavilin VA, Rytov SV, Lokshina LY (1996) A description of hydrolysis kinetics in anaerobic degradation of particulate organic matter. Bioresour Technol 56:229–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Vintila T, Dragomirescu M, Croitoriu V, Vintila C, Barbu H, Sand C (2010) Saccharification of lignocellulose – with reference to miscanthus – using different cellulases. Rom Biotechnol Lett 15:5498–5504Google Scholar
  76. Wieland P (2003) Production and energetic use of biogas from energy crops and wastes in Germany. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 109:263–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Wojdyla DZ, Gaj K, Hołtra A, Sitarska M (2012) Quality evaluation of biogas and selected methods of its analysis. Ecol Chem Eng 19(1):77–87Google Scholar
  78. Zhang Q, He J, Tian M, Mao Z, Tang L, Zhang J, Zhang H (2011) Enhancement of methane production from cassava residues by biological pretreatment using a constructed microbial consortium. Bioresour Technol 102:906–8899Google Scholar
  79. Zhao J (2013) Enhancement of methane production from solid-state anaerobic digestion of yard trimmings by biological pretreatment, Master’s Thesis, The Ohio State UniversityGoogle Scholar
  80. Zheng Y, Zhao J, Xu F, Li Y (2014) Pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for enhanced biogas production. Prog Energy Combust Sci 42:35–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ritika Verma
    • 1
  • Abhilash Kumar Tripathi
    • 1
  • Sudhir Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology and BioinformaticsJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghat, SolanIndia

Personalised recommendations