General Conclusions

  • Petar Beron
Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 94)


Most of the “classic” zoogeographical regions are with very low-level endemicity that concerns the Arachnida. Even in Kingdom Notogea, there are no endemic orders or suborders. The distribution of several orders (Ricinulei, Amblypygi, Thelyphonida (Uropygi), Schizomida, Solifugae, Scorpiones, Opiliones of the suborders Cyphophthalmi and Laniatores) is defined by their thermopreferendum (stenothermy), and this distribution, limited by isotherms, is important to characterize the regions and subregions. The north of Holarctic is marked by the presence of many spiders, mites, and Opiliones – Eupnoi and Dyspnoi – and some pseudoscorpions, as far north as 82°33′ (Grant Land spiders).


Conclusions Arachnida Endemics Stenothermy High altitude Madagascar Comparison Caribbean Troglobiomorphose Islands Lines 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petar Beron
    • 1
  1. 1.National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria

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