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Neurobiology of Suicide

  • Tatiana Falcone
  • Migle Staniskyte
  • Fernando Espi Forcen
  • Jaime Vengoechea
Chapter

Abstract

Over the last 20 years, suicide rates have been increasing worldwide. Although the prognosis of suicide is complex, key psychosocial factors have been recognized to help identify identify individuals who may be at high risk. Nevertheless, a gap in research still exists between identifying high risk individuals and predicting when suicidal ideation and behavior will evlolve into a suicide attempt. The focus of this chapter is place on the most recent, relevant studies concerning the neurobiological findings in patients with suicidal behavior or after a suicide attempt. The convergence evidence for the role of the blood-brain barrier in the pathophysiology of suicide is described, as well as the role of several inflammatory markers and neurotropic factors.

Keywords

Suicide Cytokines Adolescents Biomarkers Inflammation Neuroinflammation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatiana Falcone
    • 1
  • Migle Staniskyte
    • 2
  • Fernando Espi Forcen
    • 3
  • Jaime Vengoechea
    • 4
  1. 1.Epilepsy Center/Psychiatry DepartmentNeurological Institute - Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Neurologic Institute, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  4. 4.Pontificia Universidad JaverianaBogotaColombia

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