Advertisement

Imaging Anatomy: Conventional Radiography

  • Janos Gyebnar
  • Gyorgy Gulacsi
  • Gabriela M. Supp
  • Peter Vince Balint
  • Peter Mandl
Chapter

Abstract

When Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered X-rays in 1895, the first radiograph he took was of his wife’s hand (Röntgen, Sitzungsberichte der Physikalisch-medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Würzburg 9:132–41, 1895). Conventional radiography has played a key role in musculoskeletal imaging ever since and is generally the first imaging modality performed in most rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. It is by far the most commonly performed imaging technique for depicting the skeletal system. Conventional radiographs may be diagnostic on their own or may provide relevant information, often complementing other imaging techniques, such as ultrasound (Isenberg and Renton, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). A basic understanding of conventional radiography is therefore indispensable for rheumatologists and sonographers alike.

Keywords

X-ray Radiograph Standard view 

References

  1. 1.
    Isenberg DA, Renton P, editors. Imaging in rheumatology. 1st ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2003.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    McKinnis LN, editor. Fundamentals of musculoskeletal imaging. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company; 2010.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Freyschmidt J, Brossmann J, Wiens J, Sternberg A. Koehler/Zimmer borderlands of normal and early pathological findings in skeletal radiography. 5th ed. Stuttgart: Thieme;2002.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pope TL, Bloem HL, Beltran J, Morrison WB, Wilson DJ. Musculoskeletal imaging. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2014.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Whitley AS, Jefferson G, Holmes K, Sloane C, Anderson C, Hoadley G. Clark’s positioning in radiography. 12th ed. London: Hodder Arnold Publication; 2005.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Martino F, Silvestri E, Grassi W, Garlaschi G, editors. Musculoskeletal sonography: technique, anatomy, semeiotics and pathological findings in rheumatic diseases. Mailand: Springer; 2007.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Uffmann M, Schaefer-Prokop C. Digital radiography: the balance between image quality and required radiation dose. Eur J Radiol. 2009;72:202–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Röntgen WC. Über eine neue Art von Strahlen. Sitzungsberichte der Physikalisch-medizinischen Gesellschaft zu Würzburg 1895;9:132–41.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    O’Neill J, editor. Musculoskeletal ultrasound: anatomy and technique. New York: Springer; 2008.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Manaster BJ, editor. Diagnostic and surgical imaging anatomy: musculoskeletal. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janos Gyebnar
    • 1
  • Gyorgy Gulacsi
    • 2
  • Gabriela M. Supp
    • 3
  • Peter Vince Balint
    • 4
  • Peter Mandl
    • 3
  1. 1.Radiology DepartmentNational Institute of Rheumatology and PhysiotherapyBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Semmelweis UniversityDoctoral School of Clinical MedicineBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine IIIMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  4. 4.3rd Rheumatology DepartmentNational Institute of Rheumatology and PhysiotherapyBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations