Clinical Examination of the Hand and Wrist in Rheumatology

  • Eszter Kovari
  • Reka Kurucz
  • Peter Mandl
  • Geza P. Balint
  • Peter Vince Balint


The sonographic examination of the hand should be preceded by a clinical examination whenever possible. Information gained during clinical examination is of key relevance to the sonographer in deciding the joints/regions/structures which will be scanned by ultrasound. The complete examination of the hand and wrist, which includes a detailed neurological and vascular examination is beyond the scope of this book; this chapter is limited to domains, findings and tests, which the authors deem important from a rheumatological and/or sonographic perspective.


Hand Wrist Physical examination Clinical examination 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eszter Kovari
    • 1
  • Reka Kurucz
    • 2
  • Peter Mandl
    • 3
  • Geza P. Balint
    • 4
  • Peter Vince Balint
    • 2
  1. 1.Semmelweis University, Doctoral School of Clinical MedicineBudapestHungary
  2. 2.3rd Rheumatology DepartmentNational Institute of Rheumatology and PhysiotherapyBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine IIIMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  4. 4.Ambulatory Care Clinic, National Institute of Rheumatology and PhysiotherapyBudapestHungary

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