Mixtures and Phases

  • Andreas Hofmann


In every-day life, we frequently encounter systems that consist of more than one component and thus represent mixtures. An important fundamental question in this context is whether two different components will spontaneously mix.


  1. Chaplin M (2014) Water structure and science. Accessed 7 Nov 2016
  2. Clapeyron PBC (1834) Mémoire sur la puissance motrice de la chaleur. Journal de l’École polytechnique 23:153–190Google Scholar
  3. Clausius R (1850) Über die bewegende Kraft der Wärme und die Gesetze, welche sich daraus für die Wärmelehre selbst ableiten lassen. Ann Phys 155:500–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Mpemba EB, Osborne DG (1969) Cool? Phys Educ 4:172–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Poole PH, Sciortino F, Essmann U, Stanley HE (1992) Phase behaviour of metastable water. Nature 360:324–328. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Hofmann
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Eskitis InstituteGriffith UniversityNathanAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural SciencesThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

Personalised recommendations