Congenital Heart Disease

  • William R. Miranda
  • Crystal R. BonnichsenEmail author


Owing to the advances in diagnosis and management, more than one million adults in the United States are known to have congenital heart disease (CHD). Some forms of CHD, including atrial septal defect (ASD) and bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), often present for the first time in the adult patient. Complex forms of CHD, such as cyanotic CHD, require thorough echocardiographic evaluation for accurate diagnoses; however, simpler lesions could be easily diagnosed with point-of-care ultrasound, distinguishing them from other causes of cardiac murmurs or heart disease. If CHD is identified or suspected with point-of-care ultrasound, formal echocardiographic evaluation and consultation with an expert in CHD is recommended.


Congenital heart disease Atrial septal defect Ventricular septal defect Bicuspid aortic valve Coarctation of the aorta 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cardiovascular DiseasesMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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