Congenital Heart Disease
Owing to the advances in diagnosis and management, more than one million adults in the United States are known to have congenital heart disease (CHD). Some forms of CHD, including atrial septal defect (ASD) and bicuspid aortic valve (BAV), often present for the first time in the adult patient. Complex forms of CHD, such as cyanotic CHD, require thorough echocardiographic evaluation for accurate diagnoses; however, simpler lesions could be easily diagnosed with point-of-care ultrasound, distinguishing them from other causes of cardiac murmurs or heart disease. If CHD is identified or suspected with point-of-care ultrasound, formal echocardiographic evaluation and consultation with an expert in CHD is recommended.