Advertisement

Pulmonary Thromboembolism

  • Letícia Oliveira
  • Edmo Atique Gabriel
Chapter

Abstract

Pulmonary Thromboembolism is the clinical entity due to the obstruction of pulmonary vessels by venous thrombi, leading to nonspecific clinical manifestations, making it difficult to early diagnosis. Predisposition results from genetic and acquired factors contributing to the venous thromboembolism. When the diagnosis of Pulmonary Thromboembolism (PT) is confirmed and effective therapy is instituted, the recurrence of embolism is rare and death is usually uncommon, with mortality rate around 20–30%.

Keywords

Pulmonary thromboembolism Vessels Diagnosis Anticoagulation 

References

  1. 1.
    Heit JA, Cohen AT, Anderson FA, VTE Impact Assessment Group. Estimated annual number of incident and recurrent, non-fatal and fatal venous thromboembolism (VTE) events in the U. S. Blood. 2005;107:277a.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aujesky D, Jiménez D, Mor MK, Geng M, Fine MJ, Ibrahim SA. Weekend versus weekday admission and mortality after acute pulmonary embolism. Circulation. 2009;119:972–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Junger M, Diehm C, Storiko H, Hach-Wunderle V, Heidrich H, Karasch T, et al. Mobilization versus immobilization in the treatment of acute proximal deep venous thrombosis: a prospective, randomized, open, multicentre trial. Curr Med Res Opin. 2006;22:593–602.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Agnelli G, Prandoni P, Becattini C, Silingardi M, Taliani MR, Miccio M, et al. Extended oral anticoagulant therapy after a first episode of pulmonary embolism. Ann Intern Med. 2003;139:19–25.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Endorsed by the European Respiratory Society (ERS). Eur Heart J. 2014;35(43):3033–73.  https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehu283.
  6. 6.
    Klok FA, van Kralingen KW, van Dijk AP, Heyning FH, Vliegen HW, Kaptein AA, Huisman MV. Quality of life in long-term survivors of acute pulmonary embolism. Chest. 2010;138(6):1432–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cohen AT, Agnelli G, Anderson FA, Arcelus JI, Bergqvist D, Brecht JG, Greer IA, Heit JA, Hutchinson JL, Kakkar AK, Mottier D, Oger E, Samama MM, Spannagl M. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Europe. The number of VTE events and associated morbidity and mortality. Thromb Haemost. 2007;98(4):756–64.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Roy PM, Colombet I, Durieux P, Chatellier G, Sors H, Meyer G. Systematic review and meta-analysis of strategies for the diagnosis of suspected pulmonary embolism. BMJ. 2005;331(7511):259.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Caramelli B, et al. Diretriz de Embolia Pulmonar. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2004;83(suppl 1):1–8.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0066-782X2004002000001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Eur Heart J. 2014;35:3033–80. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehu283.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Letícia Oliveira
    • 1
  • Edmo Atique Gabriel
    • 1
  1. 1.União das Faculdades dos Grandes Lagos (UNILAGO)São José do Rio PretoBrazil

Personalised recommendations