Bringing Africa into Entrepreneurship Research

  • Vanessa Ratten
  • Paul Jones
Part of the Palgrave Studies of Entrepreneurship in Africa book series (PSEA)


Africa is a region diverse in languages and cultures, which impacts the entrepreneurial spirit of people and companies operating in the area. Despite the various forms of entrepreneurship in Africa, only recently has academic interest been placed on Africa. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of entrepreneurship in Africa by focusing on the unique culture and heritage in the area. The differences between African entrepreneurship and other regional forms are discussed with reference to the historical and societal influences in the area. Policy implications and suggestions for future research are also stated.


Africa African Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship Emerging economies Internationalisation 


  1. Adawo, M. A., & Atan, J. A. (2013). Graduate unemployment in Nigeria: Entrepreneurship and venture capital nexus. Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, 4(9), 75–81.Google Scholar
  2. Adenle, A. A. (2017). Building the African economy: Is President Obama’s entrepreneurial public management program sustainable in Africa? Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 6(1), 92–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amaeshi, K., & Idemudia, V. (2015). Africapitalism: A managerial idea for business in Africa? Africa Journal of Management, 1(2), 210–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson, A. R., & Obeng, B. A. (2017). Enterprise as socially situated in a rural poor fishing community. Journal of Rural Studies, 49, 23–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Asongu, S. A. (2013). Fighting corruption in Africa: Do existing corruption-control levels matter. International Journal of Development Issues, 12(1), 36–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bruton, G. D., Ahlstrom, D., & Obloj, J. (2008). Entrepreneurship in emerging economies: Where are we today and where should the research go in the future. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 32(1), 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bruton, G. D., Ahlstrom, D., & Si, S. (2015). Entrepreneurship, poverty, and Asia: Moving beyond subsistence entrepreneurship. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 32(1), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Co, M. J., & Mitchell, B. (2006). Entrepreneurship education in South Africa: A nationwide survey. Education & Training, 48(5), 348–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dana, L.-P. (1995). Entrepreneurship in a remote sub-Arctic community. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 20(1), 57–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Devine, R. A., & Kiggundu, M. N. (2016). Entrepreneurship in Africa: Identifying the frontier of impactful research. Africa Journal of Management, 2(3), 349–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dzvimbo, K. P., & Moloi, K. C. (2013). Globalisation and internationalisation of higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa. South African Journal of Education, 33(3), 23–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dibie, R., Edoho, F. M., & Dibie, J. (2015). Analysis of capacity building and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 6(12), 1–25.Google Scholar
  13. Edoho, F. M. (2016). Entrepreneurship paradigm in the new millennium: A critique of public policy in entrepreneurship. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 8(2), 279–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ferreira, J., Ratten, V., & Dana, L. (2017). Knowledge spillover-based strategic entrepreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 13(1), 161–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Frese, M., Brantjes, A., & Hoorn, R. (2002). Psychological success factors of small scale businesses in Namibia: The roles of strategy process, entrepreneurial orientation and the environment. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 7(3), 259–282.Google Scholar
  16. Gamba, F. J. (2017). Social capital in selected business associations of food processing SMEs in Tanzania and Rwanda: A synthetic-based approach. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(1), 63–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Garba, A. S. (2010). Refocusing education system towards entrepreneurship development in Nigeria: A tool for poverty reduction. European Journal of Social Sciences, 15(1), 140–150.Google Scholar
  18. George, G., Corbishley, C., Khayesi, J., Haas, M. R., & Tihanyi, L. (2016). Bringing Africa in: Promising direction for management research. Academy of Management Journal, 39(2), 377–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Karanda, C., & Toledano, N. (2012). Social entrepreneurship in South Africa: A different narrative for a different context. Social Enterprise Journal, 8(3), 201–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Khavul, S., Bruton, G. D., & Wood, E. (2009). Informal family business in Africa. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 33(6), 1219–1238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kuada, J. (2015). Entrepreneurship in Africa—A classificatory framework and a research agenda. Africa Journal Economic and Management Studies, 6(2), 148–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Luke, N., & Munshi, K. (2006). New roles for marriage in urban Africa: Kinship networks and the labor market in Kenya. Review of Economics & Statistics, 88(2), 264–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. McCormick, D. (1999). African enterprise clusters and industrialization: Theory and reality. World Development, 27(9), 1531–1551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Meso, P., Musa, P., & Mbarika, V. (2005). Towards a model of consumer use of mobile information and communication technology in LDCs: the case of sub-Saharan Africa. Information Systems Journal, 15(2), 119–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Munemo, J. (2012). Entrepreneurship in developing countries: Is Africa different? Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 17(1), 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nafukoho, F. M., & Muyia, M. A. H. (2010). Entrepreneurship and socioeconomic development in Africa: A reality or myth? Journal of European Industrial Training, 34(2), 96–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ratten, V. (2011). Fundacion Maquipucuna: An entrepreneurial Ecuadorian non-profit organization. International Journal of Business and Globalization, 6(2), 217–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ratten, V. (2016). Continuance use intention of cloud computing: Innovativeness and creativity perspectives. Journal of Business Research, 69(5), 1737–1740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Reid, M., Roumpi, D., & O’Leary-Kelly, A. M. (2015). Spirited women: The role of spirituality in the lives of female entrepreneurs in Ghana. African Journal of Management, 1(3), 264–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Robson, P. J. A., Haugh, H. M., & Oben, B. A. (2009). Entrepreneurship and innovation in Ghana: Enterprising Africa. Small Business Economics, 32(3), 331–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rodrik, D. (2016). An African growth miracle? Journal of African Economies, 1(1), 1–18.Google Scholar
  32. Sarasvathy, S. D., Dew, N., Velamuri, S. R., & Venkataraman, S. (2003). Three views of entrepreneurship opportunity. In Z. J. Acs & D. B. Audretsch (Eds.), Handbook of Entrepreneurship Research (pp. 141–160). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  33. Sriram, V., & Mersha, T. (2006). Facilitating entrepreneurship in Sub-Saharan Africa: What governments can do. Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development, 3(1/2), 136–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Takyi-Asiedu, S. (1993). Some socio-cultural factors retarding entrepreneurial activity in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Business Venturing, 8(2), 91–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tvedten, K., Hansen, M. W., & Jeppesen, S. (2014). Understanding the rise of African business: In search of business perspective on African enterprise development. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 5(3), 249–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanessa Ratten
    • 1
  • Paul Jones
    • 2
  1. 1.La Trobe UniversityBundooraAustralia
  2. 2.ICTECoventry UniversityCoventryUK

Personalised recommendations