War and Anxiety in 1917

  • Jay Winter


In 1917 there were disturbing signs among all the First World War belligerents not only of domestic political divisions, but also of dangerous social polarisation. Through the analysis of cartoons and caricatures in the French soldiers’ up-market trench journal, La Baïonnette, Jay Winter reveals social divisions and anxieties resulting from the enormous strains of total war. He also asks what the future might have been if a planned peace conference in Stockholm had taken place in 1917. Winter concludes that by 1917 two war cultures appeared: the first, dominant before 1917, focused on national solidarity and mobilisation; the second, dominant from 1917 on, focused on injustice, anxiety, anger, and resentment. These latter themes remained all too palpable in the post-war period.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jay Winter
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Yale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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