Access and Barriers to Childhood Immunization Among Migrant Populations
Vaccine preventable diseases are mostly under control in the EU, thanks to successful immunisation programmes. Nevertheless, immunisation gaps still exist among the European child population. Pockets of susceptible population may jeopardise priority public health programmes like the measles and rubella elimination programme and represent a threat for keeping the polio-free status. Children belonging to disadvantaged groups, including families with migrant background, are considered at higher risk for some vaccine preventable disease. The increased risk is mainly linked to difficult access to vaccination services and subsequent low vaccination coverage in local communities. Language barriers, lack of targeted communication strategies, the absence of diversity-oriented organisation behaviours, altogether contribute to create a hostile environment for improving the compliance of migrant families to childhood vaccination programmes.
KeywordsVaccine preventable diseases Childhood vaccination programmes Public health Vaccination coverage Barriers Diversity-oriented organisation Migrant families
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