Programmatic 3D Printing of a Revolving Camera Track to Automatically Capture Dense Images for 3D Scanning of Objects
Low-cost 3D scanners and automatic photogrammetry software have brought digitization of objects into 3D models to the level of the consumer. However, the digitization techniques are either tedious, disruptive to the scanned object, or expensive. We create a novel 3D scanning system using consumer grade hardware that revolves a camera around the object of interest. Our approach does not disturb the object during capture and allows us to scan delicate objects that can deform under motion, such as potted plants. Our system consists of a Raspberry Pi camera and computer, stepper motor, 3D printed camera track, and control software. Our 3D scanner allows the user to gather image sets for 3D model reconstruction using photogrammetry software with minimal effort. We scale 3D scanning to objects of varying sizes by designing our scanner using programmatic modeling, and allowing the user to change the physical dimensions of the scanner without redrawing each part.
Keywords3D scanning 3D printing Multi-view imaging Photogrammetry
This work was partially supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) grant #1730183.
Supplementary material 1 (mp4 19813 KB)
- 1.Autodesk ReMake. http://remake.autodesk.com/about
- 2.Matter and form. https://matterandform.net/scanner
- 3.Baraff, D., Witkin, A.: Dynamic simulation of non-penetrating flexible bodies. In: SIGGRAPH (1992)Google Scholar
- 4.Baran, I., Popović, J.: Automatic rigging and animation of 3D characters. ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3) (2007)Google Scholar
- 5.Borghese, N.A., Ferrigno, G., Baroni, G., Pedotti, A., Ferrari, S., Savarè, R.: Autoscan: a flexible and portable 3D scanner. CGA 18(3), 38–41 (1998)Google Scholar
- 6.Butkiewicz, T.: Low-cost coastal mapping using Kinect v2 time-of-flight cameras. In: Oceans (2014)Google Scholar
- 7.Butler, D.A., Izadi, S., Hilliges, O., Molyneaux, D., Hodges, S., Kim, D.: Shake’n’sense: reducing interference for overlapping structured light depth cameras. In: SIGCHI (2012)Google Scholar
- 8.Callieri, M., Fasano, A., Impoco, G., Cignoni, P., Scopigno, R., Parrini, G., Biagini, G.: Roboscan: an automatic system for accurate and unattended 3D scanning. In: 3DPVT (2004)Google Scholar
- 9.Levoy, M., Pulli, K., Curless, B., Rusinkiewicz, S., Koller, D., Pereira, L., Ginzton, M., Anderson, S., Davis, J., Ginsberg, J., et al.: The digital michelangelo project: 3D scanning of large statues. In: CGIT (2000)Google Scholar
- 10.Tong, J., Zhou, J., Liu, L., Pan, Z., Yan, H.: Scanning 3D full human bodies using kinects. IEEE TVCG 18(4), 643–650 (2012)Google Scholar