Advertisement

Brexit pp 21-32 | Cite as

The First Attempts to Unify Europe for Specific Purposes and British Flexibility

  • Tanel KerikmäeEmail author
  • Archil Chochia
  • David Ramiro Troitiño
  • Andrea Hrebickova
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter describes the initial effort of Briand, who presented his proposal for the creation of the United States of Europe through memorandum. This organization had to be based on peace like the League of Nation and had to create European market, which meant criticism from the UK as a protagonist of liberalization of trade and the main reason this attempt failed. Second part of the chapter is about Anglo-French Union, which had as a goal the protection of France against defeating by Germany and it was the only possibility how to keep France in the war. This proposal of Anglo-French Union had many similarities with the previous proposal of Briand.

Keywords

Briand League of Nations Anglo-French Union World War II 

References

  1. Beloff M (1970) The Anglo-French union project of June 1940. Intellect Polit: 172–199Google Scholar
  2. Boyce RWD (2009) British capitalism at the crossroads, 1919–1932. Cambridge Books, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Braghiroli S (2007) The challenges to democracy in the interwar period: lessons from the past relevant today. Poland, Lithuania, and Czechoslovakia in an extended Rokkanian perspective. CEU Polit Sci J 4:358–380Google Scholar
  4. Briand A (1927) Paroles de paix. E. FiguièreGoogle Scholar
  5. Briand A (1998) Mémorandum sur l’organisation d’un régime d’Union fédérale européenne. In: Le Plan Briand d’Union fédérale européenne. Perspectives nationales et transnationales, avec documents. Actes du colloque international tenu à Genève du, vol 19. pp 569–582Google Scholar
  6. Churchill W, James RR (1974) Winston S. Churchill: his complete speeches, 1897–1963: his complete speeches, 1897–1963. Chelsea House Publications, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Dinan D (2004) Europe recast: a history of European Union, vol 373. Palgrave Macmillan, BasingstokeGoogle Scholar
  8. Duroselle JB (1979) La décadence, 1932–1939: 1932–1939. Impr. nationale, ParisGoogle Scholar
  9. Gates EM (1981) End of the affair: the collapse of the Anglo-French alliance, 1939–40. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  10. Oudin B (1987) Aristide Briand: la paix, une idée neuve en Europe;[biographie]. Laffont, ParisGoogle Scholar
  11. Ramiro Troitiño D (2008) De Gaulle and the European communities. In: Proceedings of the Institute for European Studies, no 4, pp 139–152Google Scholar
  12. Ramiro Troitino D (2013) European integration: building Europe (European political, economic, and security issues). Nova Science Publishers Incorporated, HauppaugeGoogle Scholar
  13. Ramiro Troitiño D (2017) Jean Monnet before the first European Community: a historical perspective and critic. Trames no. 3Google Scholar
  14. Ramiro Troitiño D, Chochia A (2015) Winston Churchill and the European Union. Balt J Law Polit 8(1):55–81Google Scholar
  15. Shlaim A (1974) Prelude to downfall: the British offer of union to France, June 1940. J Contemp Hist 9(3):27–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Thomson D (1966) The proposal for Anglo-French union in 1940. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  17. Young JW (1984) Britain, France, and the unity of Europe, 1945–1951. Leicester University, LeicesterGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanel Kerikmäe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Archil Chochia
    • 1
  • David Ramiro Troitiño
    • 1
  • Andrea Hrebickova
    • 2
  1. 1.Tallinn Law SchoolTallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia
  2. 2.Faculty of LawPalacký University OlomoucOlomoucCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations