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Bioremediation and Phytoremediation: Best Approach for Rehabilitation of Soils for Future Use

  • Sergiy Dubchak
  • Olexander Bondar
Chapter

Abstract

Up to date, a large number of different methods of radionuclide immobilization in the environment have been developed. Among them, the biological methods for decontamination of radioactively contaminated areas are of great importance. They are mostly concentrated on phytoremediation of the environment using plants. These processes can potentially be used for bioremediation of radioactively contaminated areas.

It was demonstrated that phytoremediation is carried out through a number of mechanisms, such as phytotransformation (phytodegradation), phytoextraction, phytostabilization, phytovolatilization and rhizofiltration. The best in terms of phytoremediation are the plants with extensively developed root system able to perform rhizofiltration or those with well-developed aboveground biomass that is important for phytoextraction. Therefore the plant species with high radionuclide accumulation factors and considerable biomass are applied.

The main advantages of phytoremediation, i.e. the ability to clean the environment in situ without soil destruction and deterioration of soil dynamics, as well as the possibility of its application for a long period of time are demonstrated. At the same time, the presence of some shortcomings in phytoremediation of radionuclides is analyzed.

Keywords

Radioactive contamination Bioremediation Phytoremediation Phytoextraction Rhizofiltration Phytovolatilization Phytostabilization Caesium Strontium Uranium 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergiy Dubchak
    • 1
  • Olexander Bondar
    • 1
  1. 1.State Ecological Academy of Postgraduate Education and ManagementKyivUkraine

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