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Biological, Chemical and Nanosorption Approaches in Remediation of Metal Wastes

  • Santa Ram Joshi
  • Debajit Kalita
Chapter

Abstract

Metal and radioactive wastes are generated from industrial, domestic and anthropogenic activities. Management of such wastes is a challenging ecological task. Several steps like minimization, pretreatment, sorption, characterization etc. needs been done before the final disposal of these wastes. Absorption and adsorption have been successfully employed in removal and remediation of various pollutants such as heavy metals and radionuclides waste materials from the contaminated sites. Different types of adsorbents are used in the process, which vary with the metals. Among them, biological, chemical and nanosorption methods are well known and are exploited for environmental remediation. In biological method different life forms like plants, algae, fungi and bacteria are effectively used. Chemical approaches require the use of different chemicals and chemical-conjugates as functional adsorbents. Nanosorption is a recent technique, where nanoparticles, nanocomposites, core/shell nanoparticles as well as nanotubes are employed as adsorbent for removal, transformation, sorption and detection of all types of pollutants including noxious radioactive wastes from soil, air and water.

Keywords

Remediation Biological Chemical Nanosorption Metal Radioactive Wastes 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Santa Ram Joshi
    • 1
  • Debajit Kalita
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology and BioinformaticsNorth-Eastern Hill UniversityShillongIndia

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