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Water Decontamination at Radioactively Contaminated Lands

  • Anna V. Voronina
  • Nickolay D. Betenekov
  • Vladimir S. Semenishchev
Chapter

Abstract

The chapter presents prospective of use of modified sorbents based on various supports (nonwoven filtering fabrics, aluminosilicates) for decontamination of natural water with various salt content being contaminated by natural and anthropogenic radionuclides (cesium, strontium, uranium, radium, lead, bismuth and thorium). For these sorbents, radionuclides distribution coefficients vary from n·103 to n · 105 L kg−1. The results of development of Individual Water Filters (IWF) for decontamination of radioactive drinking water are presented. It is experimentally found that resource of these filters exceeds 4000 L, whereas decontamination factors remain more than 10. It is shown that the IWF-5, IWF-7, IWF-8, IWF-10 filters can be regenerated and reused. The questions of sanitary attestation of the sorbents and IWF as well as radiation safety of their using are discussed.

Keywords

Radioactively contaminated water Deactivation Rehabilitation Natural water bodies Drinking water Filters Sorbents 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna V. Voronina
    • 1
  • Nickolay D. Betenekov
    • 1
  • Vladimir S. Semenishchev
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiochemistry and Applied Ecology Department, Physical Technology InstituteUral Federal UniversityEkaterinburgRussia

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