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Counting Devices in Russia

  • Alexei VolkovEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Mathematics Education in the Digital Era book series (MEDE, volume 11)

Abstract

No definitive history of the Russian abacus schyoty (cчёты) has ever been written; the hypothesis about its Asian origin stated by a number of Western authors was strongly opposed by I. G. Spasskiĭ (1904–1990) in his book-length article of 1952. The chapter is devoted to two topics: (1) the extant sources relevant to the history of the Russian instrument and (2) the operations with common fractions performed with it as described in Russian arithmetical manuals of the seventeenth century. The author concludes that the theory suggesting that the instrument was imported to Russia from the Golden Horde is worth to be explored, and offers an interpretation of the descriptions of operations with common fractions performed with the instrument.

Keywords

Russian schyoty (cчёты) Chinese abacus (suanpan 算盤) Golden Horde Schyotnaya mudrost’ (Cчётнaя Myдpocть

References

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Tsing-Hua UniversityHsinchuTaiwan

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