Advertisement

The Vegan Viewer in the Circum-Polar World; Or, J. H. Wheldon’s The Diana and Chase in the Arctic (1857)

  • Jason Edwards
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Animals and Literature book series (PSAAL)

Abstract

“The Vegan Viewer in the Circum-Polar World” examines, in unprecedented detail, The Diana and Chase in the Arctic, a canvas by the little-known, early-nineteenth-century marine painter, James Wheldon, part of a local Hull School of painters focused upon depictions of Arctic whaling. The chapter contextualizes the iconography and materiality of the canvas within a broader discussion of the humanimal tragedy of Victorian whale hunting, as conceptualized, for the first time, by a specifically ethical vegan viewer, pondering not only how various animals are represented in the image, but might have contributed to its painting in the first place. The chapter concludes by pondering questions of violence: what kinds we, as vegans, must tolerate, and which we might find ourselves drawn to.

Notes

Acknowledgement

The chapter is dedicated to Diana Maltz, who had faith in it, when it needed it the most.

Works Cited

  1. Adams, Carol J. 1990. The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, Carol J., Pattie Breitman, and Virginia Messina. 2014. Never Too Late to Go Vegan: The Over 50 Guide to Adopting and Thriving on a Plant-Based Diet. New York: The Experiment.Google Scholar
  3. Ahmed, Sarah. 2010. The Promise of Happiness. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berger, John. 2009. Why Look at Animals? London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  5. Best, Stephen, and Sharon Marcus. 2009. Surface Reading: An Introduction. Representations 108: 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Broglio, Ron. 2011. Surface Encounters: Thinking with Animals and Art. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown, David Blayney, Amy Concannon, and Sam Smiles, eds. 2014. Late Turner: Painting Set Free. London: Tate.Google Scholar
  8. Castricano, Jodey, and Rasmus R. Simonsen, eds. 2016. Critical Perspectives on Veganism. London: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  9. Credland, Arthur G. 1993. Marine Painting in Hull Through Three Centuries. Hull: Hutton.Google Scholar
  10. ———. 1995. The Hull Whaling Trade: An Arctic Enterprise. Hull: Hutton.Google Scholar
  11. Derrida, Jacques. 1976. Of Grammatology. Trans. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Dickenson, Victoria. 2016. Seal. London: Reaktion.Google Scholar
  13. Donald, Diana. 2007. Picturing Animals in Britain. New Haven/London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Eber, Dorothy Harley. 1989. When the Whalers Were Up North: Inuit Memories from the Eastern Arctic. Boston: David R. Goodine.Google Scholar
  15. Edwards, Jason, ed. 2017. Turner and the Whale. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  16. Eisenmann, Stephen F. 2013. The Cry of Nature: Art and the Making of Animal Rights. London: Reaktion.Google Scholar
  17. Ferens Art Gallery. 1981. John Ward of Hull, Marine Painter, 1789–1849. Hull: Ferens Art Gallery.Google Scholar
  18. Frank, Stuart M. 2016. Classic Whaling Prints and Their Original Sources from the Permanent Collection of the New Bedford Whaling Museum. New Bedford: New Bedford Whaling Museum/Old Dartmouth Historical Society.Google Scholar
  19. Gilroy, Paul. 1993. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  20. Harper, A. Breeze, and Patrice Jones, eds. 2009. Black Vegans Speak on Food, Identity, Health, and Society. New York: Lantern.Google Scholar
  21. Hughes, Eleanor, ed. 2016. Spreading Canvas: Eighteenth-Century British Marine Painting. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Ingold, Tim. 2000. Perceptions of the Environment: Essays on Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jackson, Gordon. 1978. The British Whaling Trade. Hamden: Archon.Google Scholar
  24. Kenny, Ruth, Jeff McMillan, and Martin Myrone, eds. 2014. British Folk Art. London: Tate.Google Scholar
  25. Lambert, Andrew. 2009. The Gates of Hell: Sir John Franklin’s Tragic Quest for the North Passage. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Lippincott, Louise, and Andreas Bluhm. 2005. Fierce Friends: Artists and Animals, 1750–1900. London: Merrill.Google Scholar
  27. Loomis, Chauncey. 1977. The Arctic Sublime. In Nature and the Victorian Imagination, ed. U.C. Knoepflmacher and G.B. Tennyson, 95–112. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  28. Love, Heather. 2010. Close But Not Deep: Literary Ethics and the Descriptive Turn. New Literary History 41: 371–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Maclaren, I.S. 1985. The Aesthetic Map of the North. Arctic 36 (2): 89–103.Google Scholar
  30. Melville, Herman. 1988–1851. Moby-Dick, ed. Tony Tanner. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Potter, Rusell A. 2007. Arctic Spectacle: The Frozen North in Visual Culture, 1818–1875. Seattle: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
  32. Probyn, Elspeth. 2016. Eating the Ocean. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ritvo, Harriet. 1998. The Platypus and the Mermaid and Other Figments of the Classifying Imagination. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Roach, Joseph. 1996. Cities of the Dead: Circum-Atlantic Performance. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Roman, Joe. 2006. Whale. London: Reaktion.Google Scholar
  36. Scoresby Junior, William. 1820. An Account of the Arctic Regions, with a History and Description of the Northern Whale Fishery. Edinburgh: Archibald and Constable.Google Scholar
  37. Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. 1990. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  38. Smith, Charles Edward. 2014. The Nightmare Voyage of the Diana: From the Ship’s Journal of the Ship’s Surgeon Charles Edward Smith. Lerwick: Shetland Times.Google Scholar
  39. Spiegel, Marjorie. 1996. The Dreaded Comparison: Human and Animal Slavery. New York: Mirror.Google Scholar
  40. Spufford, Francis. 1996. I May Be Some Time. Ice and the English Imagination. London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  41. Venning, Barry. 1985. Turner’s Whaling Subjects. Burlington Magazine 127: 75–83.Google Scholar
  42. Wallace, Robert K. 1992. Melville and Turner: Spheres of Love and Fright. Athens: University of Georgia Press.Google Scholar
  43. Williams, Heathcote. 1989–1988. Whale Nation. London: Jonathan Cape,.Google Scholar
  44. Wolfe, Cary. 2003. Animal Rites: American Culture, the Discourse of Species, and Posthumanist Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  45. ———. 2010. What Is Posthumanism? Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  46. Wright, Laura. 2016. The Vegan Studies Project: Food, Animals, and Gender in the Age of Terror. Athens: University of Georgia Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason Edwards
    • 1
  1. 1.University of YorkYorkUK

Personalised recommendations