Background of Immune Thrombocytopenia

  • Kristina M. HaleyEmail author


Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia and associated with variable mucocutaneous bleeding. Historically, symptoms associated with ITP have been described for years. However, until the platelet was defined in the 1800s, the link to thrombocytopenia was unknown. From that point forward, the etiology of thrombocytopenia was debated and attributed at various times in history to increased platelet destruction and/or to decreased platelet production. The diagnosis is one of exclusion, and inherited and acquired causes of thrombocytopenia should be included in the differential diagnosis. In this chapter, the history of ITP, the terminology used in ITP, and the clinical presentation with differential diagnosis will be discussed.


Immune thrombocytopenia Complete response Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia Platelet size Inherited vs. acquired 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Department of PediatricsOregon Health and Science UniversityPortlandUSA

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